H. G. Wells

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Wells, H. G.

(Herbert George Wells), 1866–1946, English author. Although he is probably best remembered for his works of science fiction, he was also an imaginative social thinker, working assiduously to remove all vestiges of Victorian social, moral, and religious attitudes from 20th-century life. He was apprenticed to a draper at 14 and was later able through grants and scholarships to attend the Univ. of London (grad. 1888). Inspired by the teaching of T. H. HuxleyHuxley, Thomas Henry,
1825–95, English biologist and educator, grad. Charing Cross Hospital, 1845. Huxley gave up his own biological research to become an influential scientific publicist and was the principal exponent of Darwinism in England.
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, Wells taught biology until 1893, when he began his career as a novelist. Extremely prolific, he was to write more than 100 books. His early novels and best-known books, the so-called scientific romances, are works of science fiction, full of fantasy and fascinating pseudoscientific speculations, and exemplifying the political and social beliefs of his time. They include The Time Machine (1895), The Wonderful Visit (1895), The Invisible Man (1897), and The War of the Worlds (1898).

In the novels of his middle period Wells turned from the fantastic to the realistic, delineating with great energy and color the world he lived in. These books, considered his finest achievement, include Kipps (1905), Tono-Bungay (1909), Ann Veronica (1909), The History of Mr. Polly (1910), and Mr. Britling Sees It Through (1916). His later books are primarily novels of ideas in which he sets forth his view of the plans and concessions individuals must make in order to survive. Included among these final works, which became increasingly pessimistic as Wells aged, are The World of William Clissold (1926), The Shape of Things to Come (1933), World Brain (1938), and Mind at the End of Its Tether (1945). His other works include the immensely popular Outline of History (1920) and The Science of Life (1929), which was written in collaboration with his son G. P. Wells and Julian Huxley.

Bibliography

See his Experiment in Autobiography (1934); biographies by L. Dickson (1969), N. and J. MacKenzie (1973), and M. Sherborne (2010); studies by F. McConnell (1981), J. Huntington (1982), J. R. Hammond (1988), and D. Smith (1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
HG Wells predicted the sub-species in his book The Time Machine, made into a film (above) starring Rod Taylor
Inspiration for innovation in technology and design can come from lots of places; we wanted to celebrate HG Wells as an author who encouraged fantastical thinking about what it possible, on this planet and beyond," Google added.
The son of a gardener, HG Wells strayed far from his roots.
1866: Author HG Wells - famous for The War Of The Worlds - was born in Bromley, Kent.
The 1979 film, with Malcolm McDowell as novelist HG Wells on a mission to stop a killer, beat Star Trek to claim top in the Yahoo poll.
The film will be based on elements of both the HG Wells novel of 1898 - where the Martians attacked Victorian Britain - and the 1938 radio broadcast which relocated events to a sleepy town in rural America, the same setting for the first film.
They were discovered during a house-clearance along with letters from HG Wells, Thomas Hardy, Charles Dickens and Arnold Bennett.
The source said: 'He loves the fact Rye was once home to literary giants HG Wells and Joseph Conrad.
The Last Samurai star Cruise is expected to play the lead in the movie, based on the HG Wells story about aliens invading earth.
Director Simon Wells, the great-grandson of the book's author HG Wells, was forced to quit the project last week after "suffering from extreme exhaustion".
This show is produced by Everton FC chairman Bill Kenwright and is based on an HG Wells novel.