Haakon IV


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Haakon IV

(Haakon Haakonsson), 1204–63, king of Norway (1217–63), illegitimate son of Haakon III and grandson of Sverre. Secretly reared by the Birkebeiner faction (see SverreSverre
, d. 1202, king of Norway (1184–1202). He claimed to be the illegitimate son of King Sigurd; the question of his paternity is still disputed. He spent his childhood in the Faeroe Islands, was educated for the priesthood, and went to Norway in 1176.
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), he was chosen king (1217) on the death of Haakon III's successor, King Inge. Haakon Haakonsson overcame the rival claims of Earle Skule (Inge's brother), and in 1223 a great council at Bergen reaffirmed his kingship. Skule, after a renewed attempt at rebellion, was slain by the Birkebeiners in 1240. Haakon, then recognized by Pope Innocent IV, was solemnly crowned in 1247 at Bergen by a papal legate. Under Haakon IV medieval Norway reached its zenith. Iceland and Greenland were acquired, and important legal reforms were carried out. Haakon's court was splendid, and Old Norse literature flowered during his reign. Snorri SturlusonSnorri Sturluson or Sturleson
, 1178–1241, Icelandic chieftain, historian, critic, and saga teller, the leading figure in medieval Norse literature.
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 lived for some time at the court. Haakon died at Kirkwall in the Orkney Islands when campaigning against Scotland. He was succeeded by his son, Magnus VI.
References in periodicals archive ?
Si Alfonso X tenia ferreos motivos para buscar la amistad noruega, el rey Haakon IV del mismo modo los tuvo para corresponder ese ofrecimiento.
Haakon IV tuvo que asegurar su reconocimiento jurisdiccional en diversos territorios para salvaguardar la integridad de su reino.
Poco tiempo despues de concluir el acuerdo con Haakon IV, los de Lubeck terminaron las relaciones comerciales durante el otono de 1247; los comerciantes del Rhin, con compromisos mas antiguos con Inglaterra, y para nada satisfechos con la existencia de nuevos competidores, lograron que los comerciantes de la ciudad imperial mostraran fuerte indiferencia al tratado con el reino noruego ya que economicamente no les reportaria interesantes ganancias (24).
En el mismo periodo Haakon IV de Noruega buscaba hacerse con la jurisdiccion de Lubeck para la importacion de granos.
Sin duda esta estratagema aseguraria, por un lado el inicio de relaciones entre Noruega y Castilla, y por otro, la falta de vinculos directos del rey Haakon IV con el castellano si este ultimo resultaba no ser un candidato serio para el Imperio, y, a la vez, no enemistar a Noruega con Inglaterra, su principal proveedor de cereales ya que el hermano del rey ingles Enrique III, Ricardo de Cornwall, tambien habia levantado su candidatura al trono germano.