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Haakon VII,1872–1957, king of Norway (1905–57). Formerly Prince Charles, second son of King Frederick VIII of Denmark, he was elected by the Storting to the throne on the separation of Norway from Sweden in 1905 and took the name Haakon. He married Princess Maud, the daughter of Edward VII of England. During the German occupation of Norway (1940–45) in World War II, Haakon headed a government in exile at London. He was succeeded by his son, Olaf V.
See M. A. Michael, Haakon, King of Norway (1958).
Born Aug. 3, 1872, in Charlottenlund, near Copenhagen; died Sept. 21, 1957, in Oslo. King of Norway from 1905.
Born Prince Charles of Denmark, a member of the Glücksburg dynasty, Haakon VII was the son of the Danish king Frederick VIII. He was elected to the throne of Norway after dissolution of the union with Sweden (1814–1905) and the referendum of November 1905 on the new form of Norwegian government. In April 1940, Haakon VII called upon the people of Norway to resist the fascist German invaders. From 1940 to 1945, during the country’s occupation by fascist Germany, he lived in Great Britain. In the summer of 1940 he refused a demand by Norwegian collaborationists to abdicate; he returned to Norway after the country’s liberation from the fascist German occupiers.