Haarlem


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Haarlem

(här`ləm), city (1994 pop. 150,213), capital of North Holland prov., W Netherlands, on the Spaarne River, near the North Sea. Although an industrial center with shipyards, machinery plants, and textile mills, Haarlem is chiefly noted as the center of a famous flower-growing district and the export point for bulbs (especially tulips). Haarlem was chartered in 1245. In 1573 it was sacked by the Spanish during the revolt of the Netherlands. During the 16th and 17th cent., Haarlem was a center of Dutch painting; Frans HalsHals, Frans
, c.1580–1666, Dutch painter of portraits and genre scenes, b. Antwerp. Hals spent most of his life in Haarlem, where he studied with Karel van Mander and became (1610) a member of the city's painters' guild.
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, Jacob van RuisdaelRuisdael or Ruysdael, Jacob van
, c.1628–1682, Dutch painter and etcher, the most celebrated of the Dutch landscape painters.
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, and Adriaen van OstadeOstade, Adriaen van
, 1610–85, Dutch genre painter, b. Haarlem. Trained in the studio of Frans Hals, he was strongly influenced by his fellow student Adriaen Brouwer.
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 worked there. Since that period the city has been the center of tulip raising. Among Haarlem's numerous historic buildings are the Church of St. Bavo, or Groote Kerk (15th cent.), which has a world-famous organ; the Stadhuis [city hall], formerly a palace of the counts of Holland, begun in 1250; and many medieval gabled houses. The city also has a number of museums. Nearby is a monument commemorating the legendary boy of Haarlem who stopped a leak in the dike with his finger.

Haarlem

 

a city in the Netherlands, near Amsterdam; part of the Randstad conurbation. Capital of the province of North Holland. Population, 165,900 (1975).

Haarlem has quays on the Spaarne Canal. The city manufactures transportation equipment, electronic equipment, textiles, garments, knitwear, and food products. Products of the chemical industry include synthetic rubber. Haarlem is the center of a region devoted to commercial floriculture, where tulips are cultivated for export.

Haarlem’s old city developed within a semicircle of fortifications lining the Old Canal (Oude Gracht); the principal centers were at the harbor on the bend of the Spaarne and at the Groóte Markt. Around the Groote Markt were constructed the palace of the counts of Holland (c. 1350; converted into the Town Hall, 1620–30), the St. Bavo Church (Groóte Kerk; 15th-16th centuries), and the Meat Market (1602–03). In the 14th and 15th centuries Haarlem grew beyond the Spaarne; between the 15th and 17th centuries it expanded beyond the Oude Gracht and north of the New Canal (Nieuwe Gracht), becoming a “water city” with a regular network of canals. In the 19th century the city expanded to the north and west; in the 20th century it has spread mainly to the west and southwest.

Noteworthy buildings include the Weigh House (1597–98) and the Frans Hals Museum, once a home for the elderly (1608, architect L. de Key). The southern part of Haarlem has several parks, most of which date from the 1920’s and 1930s. The city’s museums include the Teyler Museum, which houses European art of the 16th to 20th centuries, and the Roman Catholic Episcopal Museum, which features Dutch medieval art.

Haarlem

a city in the W Netherlands, capital of North Holland province. Pop.: 147 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Haarlem, a city of 150,000, seems much smaller with its narrow cobblestone streets bordered by hofjes, small red brick houses with inner courtyards.
They can also find cultural information on the city Haarlem and make use of the internet.
Yilmaz's attorney Ejder Kose said that the ruling that was made by the District Haarlem Court on February 14 took effect as of February 16, 2011.
All told, Haarlem is an engaging and gratifying effort.
It is not hard to imagine patrons taking pleasure in recognizing well-known landmarks in his scenes of the countryside around Haarlem and Amsterdam.
This is the basic premise of the Zuidtangent (literally 'south tangent'), a major new bus route in the Netherlands linking the city of Haarlem with Schiphol Airport to the south-east.
Loosely defined as such, the genre includes a wide range of pictures, from the foundational Small Landscapes published in 1559 by Hieronymus Cock, through the multiple print series of the 1610s of the local land around Haarlem, to the dunes and hovels of Jan van Goyen and the gnarled trees of Jacob van Ruisdael.
The ancestral East-African Indian family (EAI) is made up of at least five main subclades, whereas at least three major spoligotyping patterns are found within the Haarlem family (2).
The 13-year-old was nominated to participate in the Haarlem Cup, an international soccer tournament held in Holland.
Nijholt, a Scottish Cup winner with Motherwell, played under Dick Advocaat with Dutch outfit Haarlem and believes his fellow countryman will become only the second foreign coach after Yugoslavian Ivan Golac to lift the famous silverware.
Between 1972-1980 is coach of Haarlem and discovers Ruud Gullit.