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(both: hädrəmout`, –môt`), region, S Arabia, on the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, occupying the southeastern part of Yemen. Historically, the name refers to the former Hadhramaut states, a collective term for the Quaiti and Kathiri sultanates. The chief port and city of the region is MukallaMukalla
, town (1994 pop. 94,051), S Yemen, a port on the Gulf of Aden. It is the chief settlement of the Hadhramaut and the capital of the former sultanate of Qaiti. Fish products, tobacco, and coffee are exported. Dhows are built there.
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. The Hadhramaut extends c.400 mi (640 km) from east to west, encompassing a larger area the Yemeni Hadhramaut governate. It consists of a narrow, arid coastal plain, a broad plateau averaging 4,500 ft (1,370 m) high, a region of deeply sunk wadis (watercourses), and an escarpment fronting the desert. The sedentary population, the Hadranis, live in towns built along the wadis and harvest crops of wheat, corn, millet, dates, coconuts, and coffee. On the plateau the Bedouins raise sheep and goats. The Hadhramaut is called HazarmavethHazarmaveth
, in the Bible, son of Joktan and eponym of the present-day region of Hadhramaut.
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 in the Bible.



a historical region in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The state of Hadhramaut arose in the region circa 1,000 B.C. Its capital was Shabwah.

References to Hadhramaut are found in the Bible, the writings of classical authors, and Sabaean inscriptions of the fifth and sixth centuries B.C. The state was apparently allied with the state of Saba at various times. For example, in the first century A.D. (according to some sources, the third century) the king of Hadhramaut concluded an alliance with the king of Saba against the Aksum kingdom. Hadhramaut is also known to have been allied with Saba and Aksum against the Himyarite kingdom in the second century A.D In the fourth century Hadhramaut was conquered by the Himyarites and was incorporated into the Himyarite kingdom.

Islam and the Arabic languages spread throughout Hadhramaut after the arrival of the Arabs in the first half of the seventh century. In the seventh and eighth centuries the region became one of the first areas to be embraced by the Kharijite movement.

Hadhramaut was ruled by Oman until the mid-11th century, when it was incorporated into the Yemenite states. In the early 19th century it was invaded by the Wahhabis. In 1888, Great Britain established a protectorate over Quaiti, the largest state in Hadhramaut, and in 1918 it established a protectorate over the Kathiri state. In the late 1930’s, Hadhramaut was incorporated into the Eastern Aden Protectorate.

As a result of the armed national liberation struggle of the people of Southern Yemen, Hadhramaut in 1967 became part of the independent People’s Republic of Southern Yemen (since 1970, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen).


, Hadramaut
a plateau region of the S Arabian Peninsula, in SE Yemen on the Indian Ocean; formerly in South Yemen: corresponds roughly to the former East Aden Protectorate. Area: about 151 500 sq. km (58 500 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
An agreement has been struck between Hadi and his UAE military backers on one side and the Al-Qaeda and ISIL on the other to grant control over Hadhramaut valley to the ISIL and its coastal rim to the Al-Qaeda in a bid to prevent any possible clashes between the two terrorist groups; instead control over Aden province is rendered to Hadi and forces loyal to him," Al-Akhbar quoted an informed Yemeni source as saying on Monday.
Al-Kaf, of a prominent family from the oil-rich province of Hadhramaut in Yemen's south-east on the coast of the Gulf of Aden, is the fourth minister brought into the MPMR this year.
Located in the north-western sector of Hadhramaut not far from the Masila-Say'un basin, with area of 474 sq km, East Sa'ar Block 53 is operated by Dove Energy of the UK.
March 19 (Saba)- President Abdo Rabu Mansour Hadi on Wednesday received participants of CSOsA' consultation meeting coming from Hadhramaut.
A TIME IN ARABIA: LIFE IN HADRAMAUT tells of the first Europeans ever to live in the Hadhramaut, an isolated region in southern Arabia, and provides a travel diary describing their adventures and life in the region.
For most of the 10 years they spent in South Arabia, Doreen and Harold Ingrams lived in the Hadhramaut, becoming not only the first Europeans to make their home there but the first that many of the Hadhramis had ever seen.
For the old ones who still remember a Hadhramaut without cars and roads, a journey eastwards from Seiyun to the town of Taribah would be a brisk walk of at least 4 hours.
Indian Ocean Migrants and State Formation in Hadhramaut Reforming the Homeland.
Strong earthquake hits Hadhramaut, Yemen, and causes the destruction of tens of houses.
99) which looks at the Regiment's largely ignored work in the years immediately after the Second World War; two of Dame Freya Stark's famous studies of the Middle East: The Southern Gates of Arabia: A Journey in the Hadhramaut ([pounds sterling] 11.
5[degrees]C) after a 1-week work-related stay in Yemen, near Mukalla, in the province of Hadhramaut.
These investments are to be directed to the cities of Hadhramaut, Sana'a, Aden, Hodeidah, Ibb, Taiz, Abyan, and the Yemeni islands, especially Socotra and Kamran.