Hadhramaut

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Hadhramaut

or

Hadramaut

(both: hädrəmout`, –môt`), region, S Arabia, on the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, occupying the southeastern part of Yemen. Historically, the name refers to the former Hadhramaut states, a collective term for the Quaiti and Kathiri sultanates. The chief port and city of the region is MukallaMukalla
, town (1994 pop. 94,051), S Yemen, a port on the Gulf of Aden. It is the chief settlement of the Hadhramaut and the capital of the former sultanate of Qaiti. Fish products, tobacco, and coffee are exported. Dhows are built there.
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. The Hadhramaut extends c.400 mi (640 km) from east to west, encompassing a larger area the Yemeni Hadhramaut governate. It consists of a narrow, arid coastal plain, a broad plateau averaging 4,500 ft (1,370 m) high, a region of deeply sunk wadis (watercourses), and an escarpment fronting the desert. The sedentary population, the Hadranis, live in towns built along the wadis and harvest crops of wheat, corn, millet, dates, coconuts, and coffee. On the plateau the Bedouins raise sheep and goats. The Hadhramaut is called HazarmavethHazarmaveth
, in the Bible, son of Joktan and eponym of the present-day region of Hadhramaut.
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 in the Bible.

Hadhramaut

 

a historical region in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The state of Hadhramaut arose in the region circa 1,000 B.C. Its capital was Shabwah.

References to Hadhramaut are found in the Bible, the writings of classical authors, and Sabaean inscriptions of the fifth and sixth centuries B.C. The state was apparently allied with the state of Saba at various times. For example, in the first century A.D. (according to some sources, the third century) the king of Hadhramaut concluded an alliance with the king of Saba against the Aksum kingdom. Hadhramaut is also known to have been allied with Saba and Aksum against the Himyarite kingdom in the second century A.D In the fourth century Hadhramaut was conquered by the Himyarites and was incorporated into the Himyarite kingdom.

Islam and the Arabic languages spread throughout Hadhramaut after the arrival of the Arabs in the first half of the seventh century. In the seventh and eighth centuries the region became one of the first areas to be embraced by the Kharijite movement.

Hadhramaut was ruled by Oman until the mid-11th century, when it was incorporated into the Yemenite states. In the early 19th century it was invaded by the Wahhabis. In 1888, Great Britain established a protectorate over Quaiti, the largest state in Hadhramaut, and in 1918 it established a protectorate over the Kathiri state. In the late 1930’s, Hadhramaut was incorporated into the Eastern Aden Protectorate.

As a result of the armed national liberation struggle of the people of Southern Yemen, Hadhramaut in 1967 became part of the independent People’s Republic of Southern Yemen (since 1970, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen).

Hadhramaut

, Hadramaut
a plateau region of the S Arabian Peninsula, in SE Yemen on the Indian Ocean; formerly in South Yemen: corresponds roughly to the former East Aden Protectorate. Area: about 151 500 sq. km (58 500 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Al Nahda, who will host defending champions Shabab Al Ordun of Jordan on April 2, scored their only goal through their Togo striker Datoma Yedibahoma in the 53rd minute but it was not enough to deny Shaab Hadramaout their first win in this year's competition.
Shaab Hadramaout eventually took the lead with 44 minutes on the clock when Ba Haj beat the offside trap and had only the goalkeeper to beat.
Al Najma coach Senad Kreso is expecting a tough encounter but is confident his side are well prepared to meet the challenge of Shaab Hadramaout and is targeting a double over their rivals to take a big step towards securing qualification for the last eight.
The game will not be easy as Shaab Hadramaout are one of the best teams in the group and they are in contention to qualify," said the 52-year-old Bosnian.
In two weeks' time, Al Nahda travel to Bahrain while Shaab Hadramaout entertain Shabab Al Ordun with all four teams covered by just three points in a tightly contested group.
Following the recent upheavals at Shaab Hadramaout, which saw coach Omar Salem sacked after league defeats to Al Hilal and the 2-1 reverse against Al Najma, interim coach Khaled Al Breik was pleased to pick up a point despite insisting the Yemeni should have picked up all three to claim the group lead.
Two first-half goals from striker Munassar Ba Haj steered Shaab Hadramaout to a surprising victory over the Omanis which gave the hosts a deserving top spot.