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(both: hädrəmout`, –môt`), region, S Arabia, on the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, occupying the southeastern part of Yemen. Historically, the name refers to the former Hadhramaut states, a collective term for the Quaiti and Kathiri sultanates. The chief port and city of the region is MukallaMukalla
, town (1994 pop. 94,051), S Yemen, a port on the Gulf of Aden. It is the chief settlement of the Hadhramaut and the capital of the former sultanate of Qaiti. Fish products, tobacco, and coffee are exported. Dhows are built there.
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. The Hadhramaut extends c.400 mi (640 km) from east to west, encompassing a larger area the Yemeni Hadhramaut governate. It consists of a narrow, arid coastal plain, a broad plateau averaging 4,500 ft (1,370 m) high, a region of deeply sunk wadis (watercourses), and an escarpment fronting the desert. The sedentary population, the Hadranis, live in towns built along the wadis and harvest crops of wheat, corn, millet, dates, coconuts, and coffee. On the plateau the Bedouins raise sheep and goats. The Hadhramaut is called HazarmavethHazarmaveth
, in the Bible, son of Joktan and eponym of the present-day region of Hadhramaut.
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 in the Bible.



a historical region in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The state of Hadhramaut arose in the region circa 1,000 B.C. Its capital was Shabwah.

References to Hadhramaut are found in the Bible, the writings of classical authors, and Sabaean inscriptions of the fifth and sixth centuries B.C. The state was apparently allied with the state of Saba at various times. For example, in the first century A.D. (according to some sources, the third century) the king of Hadhramaut concluded an alliance with the king of Saba against the Aksum kingdom. Hadhramaut is also known to have been allied with Saba and Aksum against the Himyarite kingdom in the second century A.D In the fourth century Hadhramaut was conquered by the Himyarites and was incorporated into the Himyarite kingdom.

Islam and the Arabic languages spread throughout Hadhramaut after the arrival of the Arabs in the first half of the seventh century. In the seventh and eighth centuries the region became one of the first areas to be embraced by the Kharijite movement.

Hadhramaut was ruled by Oman until the mid-11th century, when it was incorporated into the Yemenite states. In the early 19th century it was invaded by the Wahhabis. In 1888, Great Britain established a protectorate over Quaiti, the largest state in Hadhramaut, and in 1918 it established a protectorate over the Kathiri state. In the late 1930’s, Hadhramaut was incorporated into the Eastern Aden Protectorate.

As a result of the armed national liberation struggle of the people of Southern Yemen, Hadhramaut in 1967 became part of the independent People’s Republic of Southern Yemen (since 1970, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen).


, Hadramaut
a plateau region of the S Arabian Peninsula, in SE Yemen on the Indian Ocean; formerly in South Yemen: corresponds roughly to the former East Aden Protectorate. Area: about 151 500 sq. km (58 500 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Contrary to Sana'a, women on motorcycles have become such a common sight in Hadramout that Bakatheer refers to the practice as "a tradition and a habit.
ADEN, Shawwal 11, 1435, August 07, 2014, SPA -- Yemeni security forces killed seven suspected Al-Qaeda militants on Thursday when they tried to attack an army facility in the volatile eastern region of Wadi Hadramout, Reuters reported.
The assailants riding a motorbike opened fire and killed the officer of the Yemeni Air Force brigade named as Nasser in Ghayl Bawazir region in Hadramout province," local security official said, AFP reported.
Le doyen de l'Academie de commandement et d'etat-major, le general de brigade Omar Barachid, et son garde du corps ont trouve la mort lorsqu'un engin place dans sa voiture a explose sur une rue de Moukallah, chef-lieu de Hadramout, a precise la meme source sous couvert d'anonymat.
Abdullah Al-Jufiri, a consultant of children's blood disease and head of the team, lectured on Wednesday at the Faculty of Medicine, Hadramout University of Science and Technology.
The oil-rich province of Hadramout has been largely unaffected by the current war between Al Houthis backed by former president Ali Abdullah Saleh and militias loyal to exiled president Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi.
The FSIS is a three-year programme to be carried out in cooperation with Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation and the Food Security Technical Secretariat (FSTS) in provinces of Hadramout, Taiz, Lahj, Hjjah Hodeidah and Dhamar.
10--Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) claimed responsibility on Tuesday for an attack on the First Military Command's headquarters in the city of Seyon in Hadramout governorate.
The masked gunmen in a pickup truck attacked Colonel Abdul Ghany Makaleh, who worked at the army's economic corporation in Hadramout province, the government official said on condition of anonymity.
3--The Liberation and Independence Coordinating Committee (LICC) announced on Wednesday a strike and march for government employees and civilians to take place Thursday in Hadramout governorate.
Sana'a: Yemen's army sent on Saturday new reinforcements equipped with armed vehicles and tanks to the Ghail Bin Youmain district a day after the death of 12 soldiers in clashes with local tribesmen blocking repairs of a major oil pipeline in the province of Hadramout.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Masked gunmen of the Yemen- based al-Qaeda offshoot shot dead a high-ranking military intelligence official in the Southeastern province of Hadramout, an official said.