Hadhramaut

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Hadhramaut

or

Hadramaut

(both: hädrəmout`, –môt`), region, S Arabia, on the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, occupying the southeastern part of Yemen. Historically, the name refers to the former Hadhramaut states, a collective term for the Quaiti and Kathiri sultanates. The chief port and city of the region is MukallaMukalla
, town (1994 pop. 94,051), S Yemen, a port on the Gulf of Aden. It is the chief settlement of the Hadhramaut and the capital of the former sultanate of Qaiti. Fish products, tobacco, and coffee are exported. Dhows are built there.
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. The Hadhramaut extends c.400 mi (640 km) from east to west, encompassing a larger area the Yemeni Hadhramaut governate. It consists of a narrow, arid coastal plain, a broad plateau averaging 4,500 ft (1,370 m) high, a region of deeply sunk wadis (watercourses), and an escarpment fronting the desert. The sedentary population, the Hadranis, live in towns built along the wadis and harvest crops of wheat, corn, millet, dates, coconuts, and coffee. On the plateau the Bedouins raise sheep and goats. The Hadhramaut is called HazarmavethHazarmaveth
, in the Bible, son of Joktan and eponym of the present-day region of Hadhramaut.
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 in the Bible.

Hadhramaut

 

a historical region in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The state of Hadhramaut arose in the region circa 1,000 B.C. Its capital was Shabwah.

References to Hadhramaut are found in the Bible, the writings of classical authors, and Sabaean inscriptions of the fifth and sixth centuries B.C. The state was apparently allied with the state of Saba at various times. For example, in the first century A.D. (according to some sources, the third century) the king of Hadhramaut concluded an alliance with the king of Saba against the Aksum kingdom. Hadhramaut is also known to have been allied with Saba and Aksum against the Himyarite kingdom in the second century A.D In the fourth century Hadhramaut was conquered by the Himyarites and was incorporated into the Himyarite kingdom.

Islam and the Arabic languages spread throughout Hadhramaut after the arrival of the Arabs in the first half of the seventh century. In the seventh and eighth centuries the region became one of the first areas to be embraced by the Kharijite movement.

Hadhramaut was ruled by Oman until the mid-11th century, when it was incorporated into the Yemenite states. In the early 19th century it was invaded by the Wahhabis. In 1888, Great Britain established a protectorate over Quaiti, the largest state in Hadhramaut, and in 1918 it established a protectorate over the Kathiri state. In the late 1930’s, Hadhramaut was incorporated into the Eastern Aden Protectorate.

As a result of the armed national liberation struggle of the people of Southern Yemen, Hadhramaut in 1967 became part of the independent People’s Republic of Southern Yemen (since 1970, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen).

Hadhramaut

, Hadramaut
a plateau region of the S Arabian Peninsula, in SE Yemen on the Indian Ocean; formerly in South Yemen: corresponds roughly to the former East Aden Protectorate. Area: about 151 500 sq. km (58 500 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Omani team works in tandem with the Sultanate's Consulate General in Aden, Yemen Red Crescent, the committee for the service of the displaced people in Aryan and a number of local organisations in Eden and Hadramut.
Most of the 16 militants were arrested in August 2008 following a fierce gunbattle between Al-Qaeda and Yemeni security forces in Hadramut.
One demonstrator died in clashes with police on Saturday in the village of Ashehir, in the southeastern Hadramut region.
More than 638 houses have been demolished in the impoverished southern province of Hadramut alone.
Valley floors are shaded by vegetation--often dense palm plantations, a source of wealth that was one of the reasons why the Hadramut, the province roughly in the middle of the long south coast, became relatively prosperous and an important player in the mercantile economy of a huge region, with traditional close links to Africa, India, and the East Indies.
The Himyarites, a powerful tribe, gradually expanded their territory by defeating the inhabitants of neighboring entities (Sabea, Raidan, Hadramut, and Yamnat) to form a viable independent kingdom approximating in its boundaries to present-day Yemen.
Saleh's comments came at a public festival in eastern Hadramut where he asserted that his ruling General People's Congress (GPC) party agreed with the opposition on constitutional amendments, and he urged the opposition to put forward their ideas in parliament regarding their ideas on them.
12 al Qaeda suspects referred to court in the Hadramut
On Saturday, one protester was killed and five others wounded as demonstrators clashed with police in the village of Ashehir, in the southeastern region of Hadramut, witnesses said.
The blast at the tourist site in the southern province of Hadramut also injured three other South Koreans.
This is very clear from their attack in Hadramut against the security compound which also injured civilians living in the nearby houses.
These attacks included operations in Hadramut province in the east of the country, strikes against oil refineries is Basavar province and the use of Katyusha rockets in Mareb province.