Hafsids

Hafsids

 

a dynasty of Berber origin that ruled in Tunisia from 1229 to 1574. Its name derives from Sheikh Abi Hafs, a founder of the Almohad movement. Abu Zakariya Yahya (ruled 1229–49), Abi Hafs’ grandson and the Almohad viceroy in Ifriqiya, founded a state that enjoyed de facto independence. The Hafsids reached their greatest power in the reigns of al-Mustansir (1249–77), Abu Faris (1394–1434), and Uthman (1435–88). The internecine strife among feudal lords that went on almost incessantly in the Hafsid state encouraged foreign invasion. The Moroccans invaded in the mid-14th century. They were followed by the Turks and by the Spaniards, who established a protectorate over Tunisia that lasted from 1535 to 1574. In 1574 the country was seized by the Turks, and the Hafsids were overthrown.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Ottoman Turks defeated the Hafsids in 1516 and took control of the region.
In this period, notwithstanding the serious intentions to dedicate himself to letters and reflections, he did not hold back, on account of a visceral desire to take part actively in the events of history, from the conjures and complots among the sovereigns of the region (Marinids, Hafsids, and other local despots).
At the end of his stay at the castle of Banu Salama, he felt the desire to come back to Tunis where he obtained permission by the Hafsid cohort to dedicate himself to the redaction of his 'Ibar, whose first copy would be given to the Sultan Abu 'l-'Abbas.