Born June 10, 1844, in Hamburg; died there Apr. 14, 1913. Founder of one of the world’s biggest firms dealing with wild animals (in Hamburg).
In 1907, Hagenbeck founded a zoo in Stellingen near Hamburg, where animals were shown successfully for the first time in natural surroundings. To obtain animals he organized several expeditions, mainly to Africa and Central Asia. He organized ethnologic exhibits. In 1890, Hagenbeck also founded a circus, where he trained animals. He described his life and work in the book On Animals and Men (1908; Russian translation, 1957).