Socotra(redirected from Haghier Mountains)
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Socotra(səkō`trə, sō–), island, 1,383 sq mi (3,582 sq km), S Yemen, at the mouth of the Gulf of Aden. The mountainous interior rises to c.5,000 ft (1,520 m). The island's inhabitants farm, fish, and herd; exports include dried fish, aloes, ghee, and pearls. Known to the ancient Greeks, Socotra shared the political fortunes of S Arabia, except for a brief Portuguese occupation in the early 1500s. The island was occupied by the East India Company in 1834, and in 1886 it became part of Britain's Aden protectorate and was used as a refueling station. In 1967, Socotra was joined to the newly formed nation of South Yemen, which merged with northern Yemen in 1990.
(also Sokotra, Soqotra), a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, the largest of which is Socotra. The islands, located east of Cape Guardafui in Africa, belong to the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen. They cover an area of 3,600 sq km and are composed chiefly of crystalline rocks. The maximum elevation is 1,503 m, on the island of Socotra. The climate is tropical and dry. The average temperature is 21°C in January and 28°C in June. Annual precipitation is between 250 and 300 mm. The islands have semidesert vegetation, with groves of xerophytic trees in the east and in the mountainous regions. The population engages in the cultivation of date palms, the raising of sheep and goats, and fishing.