Haifa


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Haifa

(hī`fä), city (1994 pop. 246,700), NW Israel, a port on the Mediterranean Sea, at the foot of Mt. Carmel. Haifa is the chief city of N Israel and the country's principal oil refining center. Along with AshdodAshdod
[Heb.,=stronghold], city (1994 pop. 120,100), SW Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is Israel's leading port after Haifa. Construction is Ashdod's main industry; its manufactures include synthetic fibers, woolen yarn, and knitted goods.
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, Haifa is one of Israel's main ports and handles oceangoing vessels, including oil tankers. Industries include steel, shipbuilding, textiles, chemicals, high-tech electronics, and food processing. Haifa is known to have existed by the 3d cent. A.D. but was of little importance during early Muslim times. The Crusaders, who called it Caiffa or Caiphas, developed it commercially. Destroyed by SaladinSaladin
, Arabic Salah ad-Din, 1137?–1193, Muslim warrior and Ayyubid sultan of Egypt, the great opponent of the Crusaders, b. Mesopotamia, of Kurdish descent.
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 in 1191, it began to revive in the late 18th cent. The city's main growth occurred in the 20th cent. with the development of its port. Haifa was contested by Jews and Arabs in the 1948–49 war because of its industrial importance. By the late 20th cent. the city's population was largely Jewish, although Muslims, Christians, and Druze continued to live in the area. Haifa was a target of Iraqi missiles during the Persian Gulf WarPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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 and Hezbollah missiles launched from S Lebanon in 2006. Haifa Univ. and the Technion (Israel Institute of Technology; est. 1924) are there. Haifa is the world center of Baha'iBaha'i
, religion founded by Baha Ullah (born Mirza Huseyn Ali Nuri) and promulgated by his eldest son, Abdul Baha (1844–1921). It is a doctrinal outgrowth of Babism, with Baha Ullah as the Promised One of the earlier religion.
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 and the site of the shrine of Bab and a Baha'i temple.

Haifa

 

a city in Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. Population 225,800 (December 1974). Israel’s chief port, Haifa handled 4.7 million tons of freight in 1975. The city is a railroad and highway junction. Industry is represented by oil refining, ferrous metallurgy, metalworking, food processing, and the production of textiles, glass, cement, and motor vehicles. Haifa also has chemical and rubber industries. It is the terminus of an oil pipeline from Elath.

The remains of a Crusader fortress and of a hospital (1964) are noteworthy. The modern city stretches from the port, where the city’s industrial and business areas are located, to the top of Mount Carmel. Wealthy residential areas with private houses are found on the slopes of the mountain. The complex of the Israel Institute of Technology (Technion) is of particular interest; notable are the buildings of the faculty of aeronautical engineering (1953–54) and the Coastal and Ocean Engineering Center (1957–58). Haifa has museums of ancient, modern, and Japanese art.

Haifa

a port in NW Israel, near Mount Carmel, on the Bay of Acre: Israel's chief port, with an oil refinery and other heavy industry. Pop.: 269 400 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
As Haifa Wehbe celebrated turning 39 on Tuesday, her ever envious younger - and less famous - sister Rola Yamout wished her big sis a happy "50th" birthday.
While Haifa often brushes off her sister's mean comments, including ones revealing her true age, in addition to other family scandals, Rola insists on winding the diva up to get fans to hate her.
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Mohammad stressed that what he likes about Haifa is her gentle nature when dealing with others and the fact that she does not interfere in matters that are none of her business, but maintains her place and listens to all comments she is given by a director or producer, and that is why people who work with her respect her.
The Egyptian press is also unimpressed with the singer-turned-actress after harshly attacking some Egyptian celebs following an attack from Egyptian actress Athar Al Hakim on Haifa and Lebanese women, where she insulted the way they act and dress.
Ultrasound development includes Elscintec, based in Haifa, Israel and Ausonics Ltd.
net, Al Wahsh said that he wishes the rumors were true so he could reveal all the secrets he's hidden about Haifa and her family to the public.
The heated argument began when Haifa just couldn't let Elissa's insulting recent comment go unanswered.
Yep, Haifa was born in 1972, making her 42-years-old; a hot 42 though
Half-way through the concert, Haifa was covered with beautiful confetti falling from the "sky," and concert-attendees looked ecstatic at seeing their idol perform.
After the marriage took a turn for the worse, Haifa held fast her loyalty to her MIL, sharing how much she loved her.