haiku

(redirected from Haiku poems)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

haiku

(hī`ko͞o), an unrhymed Japanese poem recording the essence of a moment keenly perceived, in which nature is linked to human nature. It usually consists of 17 jion (Japanese symbol-sounds). The term is also used for foreign adaptations of the haiku, notably the poems of the imagistsimagists,
group of English and American poets writing from 1909 to about 1917, who were united by their revolt against the exuberant imagery and diffuse sentimentality of 19th-century poetry.
..... Click the link for more information.
. These poems are usually written in three lines of five, seven, and five syllables. See senryusenryu
, a Japanese poem structurally similar to the haiku but primarily concerned with human nature. It is usually humorous or satiric. Used loosely, the term means a poem similar to the haiku that does not meet the criteria for haiku.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See the anthology ed. by H. G. Henderson, Introduction to Haiku (1958).

Haiku

 

a genre of Japanese poetry; a three-line poem of 17 syllables in lines of five, seven, and five syllables, respectively. Haiku derives from hokku, which in turn was a development of the first half-stanza of the tanka (hokku means “beginning verses”). Haiku is distinguished from the tanka by its simple poetic language, rejection of earlier canonical rules, and the increased importance of association, elliptical style, and allusion.

Haiku passed through several stages of development. The poets Arakida Moritake (1465–1549) and Yamazaki Sokan (1465–1553) saw haiku as a purely comic genre. Haiku was transformed into the leading lyric genre by Matsuo Basho (1644–94); lyric description of landscape became the chief content of haiku. The thematic range of haiku was broadened by Yosa (or Taniguchi) Buson (1716–83). In the 18th century the comic haiku developed to the point that it became a separate humorous and satiric genre called senryu. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Kobayashi Issa (1763–1828) introduced patriotic themes into haiku. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Masaoka Shiki borrowed from painting to introduce into haiku the technique of “sketching from nature” (shasei), which facilitated the development of realism in haiku.

PUBLICATIONS

An Anthology of Haiku Ancient and Modern. Edited by Miyamory Asataro. Tokyo, 1953.

Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei, vols. 45, 58. Tokyo, 1959.

In Russian translation:

Iaponskie trekhstishiia: Khokku. Moscow, 1973.

REFERENCES

Grigor’eva, T., and V. Logunova. laponskaia literatura. Moscow, 1964.
Haiku koza. Tokyo, 1932.
Blyth, R. H. Haiku, vols. 1–6. Tokyo, 1952.
Haikai and haiku. Tokyo, 1958.

haiku

, hokku
an epigrammatic Japanese verse form in 17 syllables
References in periodicals archive ?
The Haiku poem is a kind of classical poetry, composed by strict rules: it has 17 syllables divided into three lines (5, 7, 5 syllables), the obligatory presence of a word called kigo showing the season, directly or alluded, usually located in the first line, and the use of a word caesura (kireji).
Haiku experts believe the 670-page book was compiled around 1894, citing the author's calligraphic style and the haiku poems included in the collection.
Students composed haiku poems that complemented the images they had painted.
Amy's Another Five Seasons - a selection of haiku poems set to music - was chosen by the judges as the best.
Rain Mirror (1999), begins with a series of fifty-eight haiku poems, "Haiku Edge.
The elderly create a diverse range of homepages, ranging from pictures of landscapes and haiku poems to notes on their grandchildren and memories.
A young girl pulls free verse and haiku poems out of her pocket.
One regrets the absence of coverage of Rite of Passage and the haiku poems, both of which should have special appeal to the intended audience, but perhaps space considerations were a factor.
For example, if part of a student's grade involves the number of lines in a poem, one student may choose to write two or three haiku poems, while another student may write a longer, free verse poem.
Here you can be regaled with haiku poems to Captain Kirk, or even download The Man himself, attempting to sing Mr Tambourine Man and Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds.
His many collections of poetry have been compiled into the two-volume anthology Takahama Kyoshi zenhaiku shu (1980; "The Complete Haiku Poems of Takahama Kyoshi").
Upton quoted one of my favorite haiku poems from Japanese poet, Basho, to demonstrate phanopoeia (the power of poetry to make us see images with our mind's eye): "An old pond Then a frog jumps in, Kerplop