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An abnormal condition characterized by growth of hair in unusual places and in unusual amounts.



masculine type of hairiness in women; one of the manifestations of virilism. The term “hirsutism” was introduced into medical practice in 1910 by the French physician E. Apert.

Hirsutism is most often a symptom of several diseases produced by affection of the adrenal cortex and the sex glands. A symptom resembling hirsutism is also observed with the development of a tumor in the anterior pituitary gland, which is accompanied by increased secretion of the hormone that activates function of the adrenal cortex. Hirsutism is revealed by the appearance of hair on the face (mustache and beard), abdomen, chest, arms, and legs. It may be characterized by the predominance of adiposity (“adipose” hirsutism) with excessive development of blackheads or by sharply expressed masculine traits. In the latter case, the musculature and skeleton of young women resemble those of a man (“muscular” hirsutism), and meat-red spots appear on the body (mainly on the face and legs). Hirsutism in little girls is often accompanied by premature development of the external sex organs and of secondary sexual characteristics of the male, underdeveloped internal sex organs, absence of menstruation, enlargement of the mammary glands (owing to fatty, not glandular, tissue), and roughening of the voice; there is psychological and intellectual retardation, and sexual feeling is absent. Treatment of hirsutism calls for surgery and X-ray therapy.

Hairiness is sometimes observed also in women during the climacteric, when there is a decrease in ovarian function. In the absence of the other clinical symptoms observed in pathologic hirsutism, family (genetic) hirsutism, which develops in young women, often in the period of sexual maturation, presents a special picture. This type is apparently the result of an increased sensitivity of the hair bulbs to the normal male-hormone content in the woman’s body. The treatment for this form of hirsutism consists in local attack on the hair bulbs—electrocoagulation and electrolysis.


References in periodicals archive ?
He will appear at promotions such as advertising and POS as the face of "YANAGIYA Medicated Hair Growth Fresh Tonic.
The HairMax LaserComb is indicated to treat androgenetic alopecia, and promote hair growth in males who have Norwood Hamilton Classifications of IIa to V patterns of hair loss and Fitzpatrick Skin Types I to IV.
Curis has successfully used this technology and product development approach to produce several promising drug candidates in the fields of cancer (under two collaborations with Genentech, one of which includes a co-development arrangement for a basal cell carcinoma product candidate that is currently in Phase I clinical trials), neurological disorders (under collaboration with Wyeth), hair growth (under collaboration with Procter & Gamble), kidney and other diseases (licensed to Ortho Biotech Products and under development at Centocor, both subsidiaries of Johnson & Johnson), and cardiovascular disease.
Gaunitz Hair Growth Centers and its sister company Gaunitz Hair Sciences will bring this new laser hair loss treatment to more and more communities in 2009 through its franchise and affiliate programs.
Given the success of Viviscal's award-winning Extra Strength supplement, the brand expanded to offer a hair growth solution for men, Viviscal Man, as well as ancillary topical products including Gentle Shampoo, Moisturizing Conditioner, Hair and Scalp Serum and Hair Filler Fibers.
The study raises the possibility that drugs known as JAK inhibitors could be used to restore hair growth in multiple forms of hair loss such as that induced by male pattern baldness, and additional types that occur when hair follicles are trapped in a resting state.
The Mane Choice firmly believes in their philosophy of promoting health from within to achieve positive results on the outside with their #1 rated healthy hair growth supplement, Manetabolism Plus[TM].
When these cells were transplanted into hairless mice, they induced human hair growth.
According to the research, propolis contains active ingredients such as kaempferol and caffeic acid that stimulated the start of the hair growth cycle in the subjects' bald skin.
Massaging your scalp stimulates hair growth -- so it's relaxing and productive.
In 2009, a research team at the University of Toronto discovered a therapeutic application for restoring hair growth in those suffering from hair loss (alopecia)--and in those combatting the underlying causes that lead to the telltale signs of a damaged scalp.
Another tip to promote hair growth was provided by Aromatherapist Dr Blossom Kochchar, who said that people struggling with hair fall should apply a mixture of castor and sweet almond oil on the scalp with cotton and massage using light pressure of fingertips.