Half Plane(redirected from Half-space)
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half plane[′haf ¦plān]
in mathematics, the set of points of a plane that lie on one side of some line in the plane. The coordinates of points in a half plane satisfy the inequality Ax + By + C > 0, where A, B, and C are constants such that A and B are not simultaneously equal to zero. The line Ax + By + C = 0 is called the boundary of the half plane. If the boundary is included in the half plane, the half plane is said to be closed.
The complex plane z = x + iy contains an upper half plane y = Im z > 0, a lower half plane y = Im z < 0, a left half plane x = Re z < 0, a right half plane x = Re z > 0, and so on. The upper half plane of the complex z-plane is mapped conformally onto the circle ǀwǀ < 1 by the linear fractional function
where θ is an arbitrary real number and Im β > 0.