Chalcis

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Chalcis,

Greece: see KhalkísKhalkís
or Chalcis
, city (1991 pop. 51,646), capital of Évvoia (Euboea) prefecture, E Greece, on the island of Évvoia. Connected to the mainland by a bridge, the city is a trade center for local products, including wine, cotton, and citrus fruits.
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Chalcis

 

(also Khalkis), an ancient city in Greece, on the island of Euboea. The city’s name is said to derive from the Greek word for copper (chalkos), which was mined nearby. The copper mines combined with Chalcis’ advantageous geographic location and fertile soil to make the city the leading economic center in Euboea.

Beginning in the eighth century B.C., Chalcis took part in the colonization of Thrace, Sicily, and southern Italy. The people of Italy acquired the Greek alphabet from the Chalcidians. At the end of the sixth century B.C., Chalcis fell under Athenian domination. Except for the period of the Peloponnesian War (431–404), the city remained under Athenian control until the mid-fourth century B.C. In 338, Chalcis fell under the sway of Macedonia.

In 168 B.C. the Romans took control of the city. In 146 B.C. they punished Chalcis for taking part in an anti-Roman uprising by sacking the city and tearing down its fortifications. Chalcis was later rebuilt and was used by first the Romans and then the Byzantines as a military base for control of the sea lanes along the eastern coast of Greece.

Chalcis

a city in SE Greece, at the narrowest point of the Euripus strait: important since the 7th century bc, founding many colonies in ancient times. Pop.: 47 600 (1995 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The tender guarantee regardless of the body that will adopt it, should include the following date of publication, the publisher, that is addressed to the Municipality of Halkida, the number of the security, the amount covers the full name and address of the participant~s favor which is issued.
The contractor will provide management services dewatered sludge from municipal wastewater treatment plants DEYA Halkida (K.
Object of the service contract is to implement the program on snow clearing side roads (SR) of the PATHE Motorway sections: a) Athens-Thessaloniki by KP 5 +250 to km 90 +000, b) Athens-Corinth End of Attiki Odos to KP 87 +500 (AK Ancient Corinth) and c) the portion of Highway Schimatariou Halkida.
Contract notice: Supply fuel & lubricants for movement of vehicles & machinery and heating the municipality halkida & legal persons this year 2014
The implementation of a system for remote monitoring - Remote control and Leak water networks municipality Halkida.
Contract award: Ship repair and conversion of the building "Arethousa" in Halkida timeless museum