Hall, Granville Stanley


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Hall, Granville Stanley,

1844–1924, American psychologist and educator, b. Ashfield, Mass., grad. Williams, 1867. G. Stanley Hall taught at Antioch and Harvard, studied experimental psychology in Germany, and in 1882 organized at Johns Hopkins a psychological laboratory that rapidly took a leading position in the field. He founded (1887) the American Journal of Psychology and was one of the organizers (1891) of the American Psychological Association. As first president (1889–1920) of Clark Univ., he raised it to prominence for its courses in education. Among his works are The Contents of Children's Minds (1883), which inaugurated the child-study movement in the United States; Adolescence (1904); Educational Problems (1911); Jesus, the Christ, in the Light of Psychology (1917); and his autobiography (1923).

Bibliography

See biographies by L. Pruette (1926, repr. 1970) and D. Ross (1972); R. J. Wilson, In Quest of Community (1970).

Hall, Granville Stanley

 

Born Feb. 1, 1846, in Ashfield, Mass.; died Apr. 24, 1924, in Worchester, Mass. American psychologist.

From 1878 to 1880, Hall studied in Germany with G. T. Fech-ner and W. Wundt, and from 1881 to 1888 he was a lecturer and a professor at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. From 1889 to 1920 he was president and a professor of psychology at Clark Univeristy, where he founded the first institute of child psychology in the USA. Hall founded the American Journal of Psychology (1887), the first American journal of its kind, as well as journals dealing with adult, child, and applied psychology. He was one of the founders and the first president (1892) of the American Psychological Association. Hall’s best known works deal with child psychology, to which he attempted to apply evolutionary ideas. He was one of the founders of the psychology of senescence.

WORKS

Adolescence, vols. 1–2. New York, 1904.
In Russian translation:
Instinkty i chuvstva v iunosheskom vozraste, 2nd ed. Petrograd, 1920.
Ocherki po izucheniiu rebenka. Moscow, 1925.

REFERENCES

Iaroshevskii, M. G. Istoriia psikhologii. Moscow, 1966. Pages 379–81.
Pruette, L. G. Stanley Hall: A Biography of a Mind. New York, 1926.