Hall, James

Hall, James,

1811–98, American geologist and paleontologist, b. Hingham, Mass., grad. Rensselaer School (later Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), 1832. An authority on stratigraphy and invertebrate paleontology, he joined the New York state geological survey in 1836 and in 1839 became state geologist for New York. He wrote Paleontology of New York (8 vol. in 13, 1847–94), a monumental report on the paleontology of the state; his work formed the basis for the later geological histories of North America. He also served briefly as state geologist for Iowa and Wisconsin and was director (1866–94) of the New York State Museum at Albany.

Bibliography

See studies by R. C. Randall (1964) and J. M. Clarke (1921, repr. 1973).

Hall, James

 

Born Jan. 17, 1761, in Dunglass, Haddingtonshire; died June 23, 1832, in Edinburgh. Scottish geologist, the founder of experimental geology. Member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1784; president from 1812); fellow of the Royal Society of London (1806).

Hall studied at Cambridge University from 1777 to 1779 and at the University of Edinburgh from 1781 to 1783. He was one of the first to use experiments in geology. He reproduced folding phenomena. By melting various magmatic rocks—particularly basalt—he obtained glassy or crystalline synthetic rocks, depending on the cooling time. He also transformed limestone into a marblelike substance. By his experiments, Hall confirmed J. Hutton’s views on the origin of intrusive rocks.

REFERENCE

Eyles, V. A. “Sir James Hall, Bt. (1761–1832).” Endeavour, 1961, vol.20.

G. P. KHOMIZURI


Hall, James

 

Born Sept. 12, 1811, in Hingham, Mass.; died Aug. 7, 1898, in Albany, N.Y. American geologist and paleontologist.

In 1832, Hall graduated from the Rensselaer School (renamed the Rensselaer Institute later that year) in Troy, N.Y. He became a professor of chemistry, natural science, and geology at the Rensselaer Institute in 1836. In the same year, he joined the staff of the New York State Geological Survey, becoming its director in 1843.

Hall studied the geologic structure of various regions in the USA and Canada. He wrote a monograph describing about 5,000 Paleozoic fossils of North America and devised a stratigraphie scheme for the Silurian and the Devonian in the northeastern part of the USA. In 1859, Hall became the first to express the idea that fold mountains correspond to regions that, in the past, underwent prolonged downwarping simultaneously with the deposition of thick sedimentary beds. One of the fundamental theories of modern geology—the theory of geosynclines—was later developed on the basis of this hypothesis. A number of Hall’s works dealt with the problem of metamorphism.

In 1895, Hall became an honorary member of the Imperial St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences.

WORKS

Paleontology of New York, vols. 1–8. Albany–New York, 1847–94.

REFERENCE

Hovey, H. C. “Life and Work of J. Hall.” Journal of Geology, 1899, vol. 23.

G. P. KHOMIZURI

Hall, James

(1793–1868) lawyer, author; born in Philadelphia. He saw combat in the War of 1812, then quit the army in 1818 after a dispute with his commanding officer. Settling in Shawneetown, Ill., he practiced law, was elected state treasurer (1828), and edited the Illinois Monthly Magazine (1830), an early midwestern literary journal. He moved to Cincinnati in 1832, and, while working as a banker there, he wrote a series of books on the early frontier, including The Romance of Western History (1857). He also collaborated with Thomas L. McKenney in writing History of the Indian Tribes of North America (1836–44; 1884).
References in classic literature ?
This is Liberty Hall, James, and you can't do Miss Crawley a greater kindness than to do as you please, and ask for what you will.
There was a three-way tie for third on 39 points: Chris Hanson and Gary Shuttleworth (9) of Woodsome Hall and Bradley Hall, James Ward and Fergus Barron (5) of Dewsbury, and Richard Lambert and Les Dyson (14) of Crosland Heath.
Paul Corlett hit two with 'Ford's other efforts from Ben Hall, James Tate and Chris Keenan.
RGC v NARBERTH: Joe Simpson, Mike Hall, James Jones, Andy Williams, Bryn Williams, Huw Worthington, James Grundy, Kelvin Davies, Josh Leach, Lewis Barker, Tom Blackwell, Mike Jones, Harri Evans, Carwyn ap Myrddin, Afon Bagshaw.
But the team of Luke Hall, James Hunter, Callum Snowden, Dylan James, Ryan Simkins, Justin Pollock and Bradley Butler got their revenge on Acklam in the final, equalising in the dying seconds of normal time before winning 4-3 on penalties.
The Bees, who are unbeaten in six Midland Alliance games, have to leave out skipper Craig Hall, James Beauchamp and Dan Hicks because of work commitments.
45pm): Alex Tait, Michael Tait, Luke Eves, James Fitzpatrick, Charlie Amesbury, Joel Hodgson, Chris Pilgrim; Jon Golding, Matt Thompson, James Hall, James Hudson (captain), Glen Townson, Filipo Levi, Ed Williamson, Brent Wilson.
Rhyl overcame visitors Dolgellau 27-5 with tries from Mike Hall, James Batty and Rob Tilley, who converted all three, while Rob Manley kicked a brace of penalties.
He came through a reserve game against Oxford at the Alan Higgs Centre yesterday lunchtime, along with Marcus Hall, James McPake and David Bell.
Screenings will be held at Royce Hall, James Bridges Theater and Melnitz Hall on the UCLA campus; and at the Geffen Playhouse, Mann Village Theatre, Landmark Regent Theatre, Italian Cultural Institute, Mann Festival Theater, Mann National Theater, Hammer Museum and the Majestic Crest Theater.
CHARITY GUYS: (l-r) Brian Hall, James Walker, David Johnson, Ron Yeats, David Fairclough, Phil Neal and Ian Callaghan with (front row) Cathy Rimmer, Olivia (aged 4) and Marion Parry as the former Liverpool players donate money to Zoe's Place
But then Aled Williams of Henllys Hall, James Gresty of Maesdu and Peter Grimley of Chirk were all beaten to put S&H back on level terms.