Hall, Stanley

Hall, (Granville) Stanley

(1846–1924) psychologist, philosopher, educator; born in Ashfield, Mass. A Harvard Ph.D. also trained in Germany in physiology and experimental psychology, he established at Johns Hopkins what became the country's leading experimental psychology laboratory (1882). He was the first president of Clark University (1888–1920), originally modeled on German lines as an institution for scientific research. A founder and leader of the child-study movement in such works as The Contents of Children's Minds (1883) and Adolescence (2 vols. 1904), he was also a prolific and influential writer on secondary and higher education and, particularly after 1911, psychology, and he strongly influenced the development of educational psychology in America. He founded the American Journal of Psychology (1887) and the American Psychological Association (1891).