hall

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hall,

a communicating passageway or, in medieval buildings, the large main room. In the feudal castle of N Europe it was a single apartment, and in it lord and retainers lounged, ate, and slept. From the hearth in its center the smoke rose to an outlet in the roof. At one end was the raised dais reserved for the master and those of his own rank. With developing amenities extra spaces were added for cooking and sleeping, and the hall advanced beyond its early rude and unfinished appearance. In English manor houses of the 14th and 15th cent. the characteristic great hall was covered by a fine open-timber roof, heated by one or more huge fireplaces, and lighted with lofty windows often arranged in deep, projecting bays. Westminster Hall, part of the ancient royal palace commenced in the 11th cent. and rebuilt in the 14th cent., was the most splendid. By the 17th cent., with the addition of drawing room, library, and bedrooms, the hall of the English house was no longer of great size and dominance. The English colleges of the Middle Ages and Renaissance also had halls or commons, chiefly for dining, that were architecturally similar to the baronial examples. Some were covered with fine fan vaults, others with timber roofs as at Christ Church, Oxford, perhaps the most splendid hall next to Westminster. The various guilds of N Europe had their halls, especially impressive in Flanders, e.g., the cloth halls at Bruges, Brussels, and Ypres. In Italy communal independence produced the remarkable series of local civic halls, often with imposing towers, as at Siena and Florence. The word hall came to be used in the title of many great English houses (Haddon Hall) and similarly in that of some Southern estates in the American colonies.

Bibliography

See J. A. Gotch, Growth of the English House (1909).

Hall

A large room or building used for the transaction of public business and the holding of courts of justice; used also for public meetings and assemblies and other entertainment.

hall

1. The main room of a medieval or post-medieval house that served as the center of family life, usually combining the functions of a kitchen, dining room, living room, and workroom for activities such as spinning, sewing, and candle making; often called a keeping room; also see hall-and-parlor plan.
2. An imposing entrance hall; also called a living hall.
3. A large room for assembly, entertainment, and the like.
4. A small, relatively primitive dwelling having a one-room plan.
6. A corridor.

hall

1. a room serving as an entry area within a house or building
2. a building for public meetings
3. the great house of an estate; manor
4. a large building or room used for assemblies, worship, concerts, dances, etc.
5. a residential building, esp in a university; hall of residence
6. 
a. a large room, esp for dining, in a college or university
b. a meal eaten in this room
7. the large room of a house, castle, etc.
8. US and Canadian a passage or corridor into which rooms open
9. Informal short for music hall

Hall

1. Charles Martin. 1863--1914, US chemist: discovered the electrolytic process for producing aluminium
2. Sir John. 1824--1907, New Zealand statesman, born in England: prime minister of New Zealand (1879--82)
3. Sir Peter. born 1930, English stage director: director of the Royal Shakespeare Company (1960--73) and of the National Theatre (1973--88)
4. (Margueritte) Radclyffe. 1883--1943, British novelist and poet. Her frank treatment of a lesbian theme in the novel The Well of Loneliness (1928) led to an obscenity trial
References in classic literature ?
This evening he was particularly careful not to neglect his duty, for he had just come from a conference with the boy's father and mother in which it had been impressed upon him that he must exercise the greatest care to prevent Jack visiting the music hall where Ajax was being shown.
Not half so pretty," said Proserpina, snatching the gems from Pluto's hand, and flinging them to the other end of the hall.
At the entrance to The Hall of Chiefs E-Thas, the major-domo, received her.
The hall was filled with knights and gentlewomen and house servants and men-at-arms.
The gate was formed of cutting winds; but Gerda repeated her evening prayer, and the winds were laid as though they slept; and the little maiden entered the vast, empty, cold halls.
Hall," said Christie, still smiling; "but what is the idea?
I might yet once more see the Hall under the ray of her star.
Before he was quite half-way across the Hall, Magdalen had recognized -- the admiral.
There I found a second great hall covered with cushions, upon which, perhaps, a score or so of the little people were sleeping.
A FINE October morning succeeded to the foggy evening that had witnessed my first introduction to Crimsworth Hall.
If he will adopt these regulations, in seven years he will be clear; and I hope we may be able to convince him and Elizabeth, that Kellynch Hall has a respectability in itself which cannot be affected by these reductions; and that the true dignity of Sir Walter Elliot will be very far from lessened in the eyes of sensible people, by acting like a man of principle.
At the head was written: "Baskerville Hall," and below in large, scrawling figures: "1742.