Hamadan


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Hamadan

(hämädän`), city (1991 pop. 349,653), capital of Hamadan prov., W Iran, at the foot of Mt. Alwand. Located at an altitude of 6,000 ft (1,829 m), it is the trade center for a fertile farm region where fruit and grain are grown. The city is noted for its rugs, leatherwork, textiles, chemicals, and wood and metal products. In ancient times, as Hangmatana or Agbatana, it was a capital of MediaMedia
, ancient country of W Asia whose actual boundaries cannot be defined, occupying generally what is now W Iran and S Azerbaijan. It extended from the Caspian Sea to the Zagros Mts.
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. It was known to the Greeks as EcbatanaEcbatana
, capital of ancient Media, later the summer residence of Achaemenid and Parthian kings, beautifully situated at the foot of Mt. Elvend and NE of Behistun. In 549 B.C. it was captured by Cyrus the Great.
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. In the 7th cent. Hamadan passed to the Arabs, and it was later held by the Seljuk Turks (12th–13th cent.) and the Mongols (13th–14th cent.). The city has had a Jewish colony for many years; the reputed tombs of Mordecai and Esther (see EstherEsther
, book of the Bible. It is the tale of the beautiful Jewish woman Esther [Heb.,= Hadassah], who is chosen as queen by the Persian King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I or II) after he has repudiated his previous wife, Vashti.
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, book of the Bible) are there. AvicennaAvicenna
, Arabic Ibn Sina, 980–1037, Islamic philosopher and physician, of Persian origin, b. near Bukhara. He was the most renowned philosopher of medieval Islam and the most influential name in medicine from 1100 to 1500.
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, the physician and philosopher, is buried in Hamadan.

Hamadan

 

a city in western Iran. Population, approximately 136,000 (1975). Hamadan is a highway junction and the principal commercial center of western Iran; it manufactures textiles, food products, wood products, and rugs.

First mentioned in the 11th century B.C., Hamadan (ancient Ec-batana) is one of Iran’s oldest cities. The capital of Media in the seventh and sixth centuries B.C., it was the summer residence of the Achaemenids after 550 B.C. Under the Seleucids, Parthians, and Sassanids the city was an important stop on the trade route from Mesopotamia to other countries of the East. Hamadan was conquered by the Arabs in the seventh century A.D. and by the Oghuz in the 11th century. From 1118 to 1194 the city was the capital of the Iraqi Sultanate of the Seljuks in western Iran. It was destroyed by the Mongols in 1220. From the 16th to 18th centuries the city was controlled by the Safavids.

Hamadan’s architectural landmarks include the mausoleum of Gonbad-e Alaviyan (12th century and 1309–16), which is decorated with ornamental brickwork, stucco, and carved terra-cotta. More recent architecture is represented by the mausoleum of Avicenna (1952, architect H. Seyhun) and the tomb of Kemal al Molk (1950’s, architect H. Seyhun). Hamadan is a rug-making center.

Hamadan

, Hamedan
city in W central Iran, at an altitude of over 1830 m (6000 ft.): changed hands several times from the 17th century between Iraq, Persia, and Turkey; trading centre. Pop.: 508 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
April 25, 2015 (KHARTOUM) -- A group of masked men have assaulted journalist and publisher of al-Mustaqilla newspaper, Ali Hamadan, late Friday night in front of his house in Khartoum's affluent neighborhood of al-Riyadh.
Hamadan city is located in longitude 48[degrees] and 31' of East and latitude of 34[degrees] and 48' of the worth and in height 1850 m from the sea level.
The economy in Lebanon has experienced "jobless growth" over the past several years, Hamadan said.
He expressed these remarks while addressing a conference in connection with the death anniversary of a great Sufi and Philosopher, Hazrat Ameer Kabeer Hamadan known as Hazrat ShaheHamadan.
On June 12, as the Canadians were arriving in Hamadan, Dunsterville attacked Menzil, held by Jangali led by Mirza Kuchik Khan.
Notable among these are the Ziarat of Shah Hamadan, Srinagar, Kashmir, Ziarat of Dastagir Saheb, also from Srinagar, Kashmir, Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur, Karnataka, Bibi ka Maqbara, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, and the Charminar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.
The preliminary round will take place at Al-Ahli Arena and Al-Wasl Arena, while the final round will be held at the 15,000-seater indoor sporting facility Hamadan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Sports Complex in Dubai.
Hamadan also stressed that the Syrian citrus is the best in the world.
Over the past few months, we have seen enormous efforts aimed to realize the vision of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, UAE Vice President, Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai under the direct supervision of HH Sheikh Hamadan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Dubai Crown Prince and patron of the initiative.
Shiekh Muhammad bin Hamadan hosted lavish wedding feast in Dubai's desert for Veena Malik and her husband.
Prosecutors said Mozaffar Khazaee attempted to ship 'numerous boxes of documents consisting of sensitive technical manuals, specification sheets, and other proprietary material for the F-35' to the Iranian city of Hamadan in November.
1]- Anatomical Sciences Department, Medicine faculty, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran