Hamadryas Baboon


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Related to Hamadryas Baboon: chacma baboon

Hamadryas Baboon

 

(Papio hamadryas), a monkey of the genus of true baboons, the family Ceropithecidae, order of primates. Body length in males, 75-80 cm, with tails 53-60 cm long; weight, 20-30 kg. Weight of females, 10-15 kg. The coat is gray, without down, and the males develop a luxuriant, silver gray mantle. The females have brownish gray coats. The animals have well-developed, red ischial calluses. The muzzle is long and there are strong fangs and strongly developed cheek pouches.

The hamadryas baboon is found in Africa (eastern Ethiopia, eastern Sudan, and northern Somalia) and Asia (the Arabian Peninsula). It lives in open areas in the steppes and savannas, sleeping among rocks. It is omnivorous. A troop may consist of 40-80 members and sometimes as many as 200. The leaders are the strongest males. A family of hamadryas baboons contains one male and one to four females and their offspring. The gestation period is about 170 days. Life expectancy is 20-30 years. The hamadryas baboon is often kept in zoos and has been studied in laboratories and scientific institutes (for example, in the USSR at Sukhumi).

M. F. NESTURKH

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fascicularis), 2 Hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas), 4 rhesus macaques (M.
Natural World Special: Living with Baboons 9BBC2, 8pm) introduces Mat Pines who has been living for five years with Ethiopian Hamadryas baboons.
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Large armies of hamadryas baboons battle on the plains of Ethiopia to steal females and settle old scores, while Japanese macaques beat the cold by lounging in thermal springs.
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He describes how aspects of social behavior are inherited, the daily life of a primate society of hamadryas baboons, general characteristics of those in Africa, Asia, and South America, and the terrestrial monkey species.
Here we see Mat's five-year study into the lives of hamadryas baboons in Ethiopia, in which he lived alongside the apes in the Awash National Park, observing their behaviour and gaining acceptance in their society.
For example, in one case visitors were "easily able to come into direct contact with dangerous species including spotted hyenas and hamadryas baboons.
We see how hamadryas baboons live in groups of up to 400, using their large numbers as protection from potential predators.
Take care round them hamadryas baboons, mind - they'll rip your face off soon as look at you.
Hamadryas baboons live in groups up to 400 strong, as numbers give them some protection from potential predators.