Hamadan

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Hamadan

(hämädän`), city (1991 pop. 349,653), capital of Hamadan prov., W Iran, at the foot of Mt. Alwand. Located at an altitude of 6,000 ft (1,829 m), it is the trade center for a fertile farm region where fruit and grain are grown. The city is noted for its rugs, leatherwork, textiles, chemicals, and wood and metal products. In ancient times, as Hangmatana or Agbatana, it was a capital of MediaMedia
, ancient country of W Asia whose actual boundaries cannot be defined, occupying generally what is now W Iran and S Azerbaijan. It extended from the Caspian Sea to the Zagros Mts.
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. It was known to the Greeks as EcbatanaEcbatana
, capital of ancient Media, later the summer residence of Achaemenid and Parthian kings, beautifully situated at the foot of Mt. Elvend and NE of Behistun. In 549 B.C. it was captured by Cyrus the Great.
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. In the 7th cent. Hamadan passed to the Arabs, and it was later held by the Seljuk Turks (12th–13th cent.) and the Mongols (13th–14th cent.). The city has had a Jewish colony for many years; the reputed tombs of Mordecai and Esther (see EstherEsther
, book of the Bible. It is the tale of the beautiful Jewish woman Esther [Heb.,= Hadassah], who is chosen as queen by the Persian King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I or II) after he has repudiated his previous wife, Vashti.
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, book of the Bible) are there. AvicennaAvicenna
, Arabic Ibn Sina, 980–1037, Islamic philosopher and physician, of Persian origin, b. near Bukhara. He was the most renowned philosopher of medieval Islam and the most influential name in medicine from 1100 to 1500.
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, the physician and philosopher, is buried in Hamadan.

Hamadan

 

a city in western Iran. Population, approximately 136,000 (1975). Hamadan is a highway junction and the principal commercial center of western Iran; it manufactures textiles, food products, wood products, and rugs.

First mentioned in the 11th century B.C., Hamadan (ancient Ec-batana) is one of Iran’s oldest cities. The capital of Media in the seventh and sixth centuries B.C., it was the summer residence of the Achaemenids after 550 B.C. Under the Seleucids, Parthians, and Sassanids the city was an important stop on the trade route from Mesopotamia to other countries of the East. Hamadan was conquered by the Arabs in the seventh century A.D. and by the Oghuz in the 11th century. From 1118 to 1194 the city was the capital of the Iraqi Sultanate of the Seljuks in western Iran. It was destroyed by the Mongols in 1220. From the 16th to 18th centuries the city was controlled by the Safavids.

Hamadan’s architectural landmarks include the mausoleum of Gonbad-e Alaviyan (12th century and 1309–16), which is decorated with ornamental brickwork, stucco, and carved terra-cotta. More recent architecture is represented by the mausoleum of Avicenna (1952, architect H. Seyhun) and the tomb of Kemal al Molk (1950’s, architect H. Seyhun). Hamadan is a rug-making center.

Hamadan

, Hamedan
city in W central Iran, at an altitude of over 1830 m (6000 ft.): changed hands several times from the 17th century between Iraq, Persia, and Turkey; trading centre. Pop.: 508 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Three 'Beit al Moqaddas' battalions took part in the wargames conducted in Hamedan province on Thursday and Friday," Commander of Hamedan IRGC Hassan Barzegar told reporters on October 16.
A Thesis), Hamedan: Boali Sina University of Hamedan.
2) Department of anesthesiology and intensive care, University of Medical science, Hamedan, Iran.
Part of a 175-kilometer long highway, which joins Hamedan to Saveh, a city in Markazi Province which is situated nearly 100 kilometers southwest of Tehran, was opened.
Wafa did not specify the number of houses searched, but said Israeli military personnel raided the Hebron municipality building and searched the house of at least one man, named Hamedan Zahdeh.
The revolution has raised the name of Egypt high, as also happened when Sinai was liberated and the Egyptian flag was raised on the last inch of land in Taba in 1988," says Hamedan Def Allah, the head of the governmental Development Association for Bedouin Society in Nuweiba, South Sinai.
Tasdiken's first long film "Mommo" has won several national and international awards, including "the best film and director" in Iranian Hamedan International Film Festival; "the best film and audience jury best film" in Nuremberg Turkish-German Film Festival; "the best film" in Fifth Yerevan Children's Films Festival; and the "best children's rights film" by UNICEF.
The new line will run from Tehran to the town of Khosravi on the border with Iraq, around 360 miles as the crow flies, passing through Arak, Hamedan and Kermanshah.
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Ahmadinejad was on his way to address a crowd in Hamedan, which was broadcast live on state television, it added.
The homemade bomb exploded in the western Iranian city of Hamedan as Mr Ahmadinejad travelled through a crowd to make an address at a sports stadium.