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Hameln(häm`əln), Eng. Hamelin, city (1994 pop. 59,210), Lower Saxony, N central Germany, a port on the Weser River. It is an industrial center and rail junction. Its manufactures include carpets, chemicals, machinery, and food products. The city is also a tourist center, known as the scene of the legend of the Pied Piper of HamelinPied Piper of Hamelin,
legendary figure of Hameln, Germany. He rid the town of its rats and mice by charming them away with his flute playing. When the citizens refused to pay him the price they had agreed upon, he charmed away their children out of revenge.
..... Click the link for more information. . Frescoes illustrating the tale adorn the so-called Ratcatcher's House (built 1602–3).
An ancient Saxon settlement, Hameln became a missionary outpost c.750, received city rights c.1200, and, while frequently changing hands, acquired considerable independence. It was a member of the Hanseatic LeagueHanseatic League
, mercantile league of medieval German towns. It was amorphous in character; its origin cannot be dated exactly. Originally a Hansa was a company of merchants trading with foreign lands.
..... Click the link for more information. from 1426 to 1572. The city passed to Hanover in 1814 and to Prussia in 1866. It has retained many historic buildings, including an early Gothic church (14th cent.), the Rattenkrug (built 1568), and the Wedding House (1610–17; now the city hall).
(also Hamelin), a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Land (state) of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), on the Weser River. Population, 62,600 (1974). Hameln is a transportation junction. Its plants manufacture metal goods, machinery, chemical products, and leather goods. The textile industry produces chiefly carpets. The city has a large Hour-milling industry.