Hammurabi


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Hammurabi
BirthplaceBabylon
Known for Code of Hammurabi

Hammurabi

(hämo͝orä`bē), fl. 1792–1750 B.C., king of BabyloniaBabylonia
, ancient empire of Mesopotamia. The name is sometimes given to the whole civilization of S Mesopotamia, including the states established by the city rulers of Lagash, Akkad (or Agade), Uruk, and Ur in the 3d millennium B.C.
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. He founded an empire that was eventually destroyed by raids from Asia Minor. Hammurabi may have begun building the tower of Babel (Gen. 11.4), which can now be identified with the temple-tower in Babylon called Etemenanki. His code of laws is one of the greatest of ancient codes. It is carved on a diorite column, in 3,600 lines of cuneiform; it was found (1902) at Susa and is now at Paris. The code, which addresses such issues as business and family relations, labor, private property, and personal injuries, is generally humanitarian. One severe feature, however, is the retributive nature of the punishment, which follows "an eye for an eye" literally. Much of the code is drawn from earlier Sumerian and Semitic laws, which seem to provide the basis for its harshly punitive nature.

Hammurabi

 

King of Babylonia (1792–1750 B.C.). The ascendancy of Babylonia is associated with his name.

An Amorite in origin, Hammurabi was a skillful politician and military leader. Within 35 years he succeeded, by military force and diplomacy, in bringing Assyria and the southern and middle regions of Mesopotamia under Babylonian Tule. His codification of the law, known as the Code of Hammurabi, reflected various significant developments under his reign—specifically, the expansion of commodity-money relations, the growth of private slaveholding, the increasing centralization of the state, and the consolidation of the king’s power.

Hammurabi

Babylonian king (c. 1800 B.C.); established first systematic legal code. [Classical Hist.: EB, 8: 598–599]

Hammurabi

, Hammurapi
?18th century bc, king of Babylonia; promulgator of one of the earliest known codes of law
References in periodicals archive ?
De las 282 disposiciones contenidas en el codigo de Hammurabi que han llegado a nuestro conocimiento, podria senalarse que el menos 101 son de contenido netamente penal, lo cual nos muestra una evolucion social clara en relacion con las codificaciones anteriores y muchas de las posteriores, en las que el Derecho se concebia fundamentalmente desde la aplicacion del poder punitivo.
The Code of Hammurabi defines the rape of a virgin as property damage against her father.
Hammurabi outlined numerous specific prescriptions to set a "just" or "fair" price.
Manoj Kumar of Hammurabi Solomon Law Firm pointed out many flaws in the bill - even in the definition of public services.
The five historical documents included are the Code of Hammurabi (ca.
The practice of medicine was in the hands of priests in the kingdom of Hammurabi of Mesopotamia, 5 000 years ago.
He said that the members of the gang had been planning to smuggle three archaeological antiquities, dating back to the pre-Islam era, including a dagger that belonged to the Mongol Ruler, Hulagu, whilst another antique belonged to the era of King Hammurabi of ancient Iraq, adding no further details.
Warda, the president of the Hammurabi for Human Rights organization, said that Christians are divided on the idea of establishing a safe area for them on the Nineveh plains.
when the city was captured and destroyed by Hammurabi of Babylon.
Hammurabi, the King of Babylonia, handed down the most famous of these codes.
The Naramsin stele and the also discussed Codex Hammurabi [eighteenth century BC] were found in Susa, where an Elamite army had taken them in the twelfth century BC.
William Wardah, president of the Iraqi Hammurabi Human Rights Organization said that Christians are always the first victims of provocative anti-Muslim protests abroad.