Hampshire sheep

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Hampshire sheep,

large sheep bred originally in Hampshire, England, by crossing Southdowns, Cotswolds, and other breeds. Hampshires are large in size and hornless, have black faces and legs, and are characterized by rapid growth. Recognized as one of the popular meat breeds, they are raised all over the world on farms and ranges and are one of the leading breeds in the United States, particularly in Kentucky and California.

Hampshire Sheep


a breed of sheep raised for meat and wool. The Hampshire sheep was developed in Great Britain in Hampshire, Wiltshire, and other counties in the first half of the 19th century by the crossing of local coarse-wool and hybrid dark-faced sheep with Southdowns. The sheep are large with broad, deep trunks. They are hornless and dark-faced and are distinguished by their early maturation. In pedigreed flocks adult rams weigh 90-110 kg and ewes 65-75 kg. The wool yield is 5-6 kg from rams and 3-4 kg from ewes. The grade of the wool is 50-58, and the length of the fibers is 7-8 cm. It is used mainly in manufacturing knit goods. Fertility is 120-130 lambs from 100 ewes. Hampshire sheep adapt well to various natural environments, and they are bred in a number of countries, including Great Britain, the USA, Argentina, and Australia. In the USSR, Hampshire sheep were used in developing the Gorky and Lithuanian black-faced breeds of sheep.