Southampton

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Southampton,

city and unitary authority (2011 pop. 236,882), S England, at the head of Southampton Water. Southampton is Britain's second largest port. The London-Southampton railway, finished in 1840, and the double tide of the harbor made Southampton an important shipbuilding, trade, and tourist port as well as England's main ocean liner port. In 1951, a major oil tanker terminal and refinery were built on the western shore, and North Sea oil became a primary economic focus in 1978. There are several major manufactures, including automobiles and aircraft. Cables, electrical engineering products, and petrochemicals are also produced. Among its schools are the Univ. of Southampton and a teacher-training college.

Southampton is the site of the Roman Clausentum and of the Saxon Hamtune or Suth-Hamtun. Remains of the ancient town walls and reworked Norman structures may be seen. The Crusaders under Richard I, Henry V on his expedition to France (1415), and the Pilgrims all embarked from Southampton. Until the discovery (16th cent.) of a new trade route to India, Southampton had a lucrative trade in goods from the East with Venice. In the 18th cent. it was a fashionable spa. Trade with the United States, the construction of modern docks and the railroad to London (1840), and the coming of the steamboat all worked to convert the spa back into a commercial port. Southampton was one of Britain's chief military transport stations in both world wars. The city suffered considerable damage in World War II, as a result of which there are new dock facilities and shopping districts. The city received a grant of county land after the war to accommodate its growing industrial population.

Southampton

 

a city and administrative district in Great Britain, in Hampshire. A large passenger and freight port on the English Channel, with a sheltered, deep harbor. Population, 213,700 (1976). Food products destined for London pass through Southampton; in the outer harbor, near Calshot Castle, oil is received for the refinery at Fawley. The port’s freight turnover amounted to 27.9 million tons in 1974. Southampton’s industries include ship repair, the production of equipment for ships, and the manufacture of electrical equipment (cables). The city also has aircraft, automotive, food-processing, and petrochemical industries.


Southampton

 

an island off the coast of North America, in the northern part of Hudson Bay. Part of Canada. Area, 44,000 sq km. A plain with elevations to 533 m forms the island’s topography; there is tundra vegetation. The inhabitants are Eskimo and number approximately 300 (1967).

Southampton

1
3rd Earl of, title of Henry Wriothesley. 1573--1624, English courtier and patron of Shakespeare, who dedicated Venus and Adonis (1593) and The Rape of Lucrece (1594) to him: sentenced to death (1601) for his part in the Essex rebellion but reprieved

Southampton

2
1. a port in S England, in Southampton unitary authority, Hampshire on Southampton Water (an inlet of the English Channel): chief English passenger port; university (1952); shipyards and oil refinery. Pop.: 234 224 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in S England, in Hampshire. Pop.: 221 100 (2003 est.). Area: 49 sq. km (19 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
As the coin histograms compiled by Blackburn illustrate, these places were inland versions of extensively excavated (and studied) early emporia like Dorestad, Hamwic and Ribe.
Herring did occur in seventh to tenth century sites, particularly the wics of York, Ipswich, London and Hamwic (Southampton).
It has been compiled and edited by Margaret Martin, designed by Brian Green of Greenhouse Designs and published by Hamwic.
Detected Number % complete Cottam A 21 10% Cottam B 79 (1) 15% South Newbald 144 (1) 14% Cowlam 23 17% 'Near Pocklington' 41 26% TOTAL 308 16% Excavated Number % complete Hamwic 155 83% (2) Winchester 11 100% York (Fishergate) 21 91% Cottam B 7 86% Flixborough 238 77% (2) TOTAL 432 81% (1) Based on finds for which images were available (2) Estimated where unclear from published report Table 2.