In an effort to theorize an alternative and more constructive vocabulary for understanding these attitudes concerning sincerity and deception in contemporary political media, I examine the classical Legalist philosopher Han Feizi
(280-233 BCE) and his defense of morally justified forms of state-sponsored persuasion (shui [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) and secrecy (mi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).
Another Legalist thinker is Han Feizi
(3th Century BC), who was the great synthesizer of the school.
Also included are Aesop's Fables, Plato's Symposium, Catullus's poems in a new translation, new selections from book 1 of Ovid's Metamorphoses, a new tale from the Indian Jataka, the Chinese Classic of Poetry, Daodejing, the Chinese Songs of the South, and selections by Zhuangzi and Han Feizi
2) I wonder why Zhou did not choose to explicitly compare, make use of, or even mention the writings of the Warring States Mohists, or statecraft writers such as Han Feizi
, Shang Yang, and Shen Dao, rather than sticking to the canon of Ru texts that usually convey a strictly Zhou-centered (and hence, Lineage Law-based) system of social ideals.
IN THE ANCIENT Chinese philosophical text Han Feizi
, the emperor asks a painter which subjects are the hardest and easiest to depict.
4 Readers will inevitably wonder whether the grammar reconstructed from such texts as Zuozhuan AA, Han Feizi
niFf, and so on reflects their original Warring States milieu or the specious systematization of redactors from the Han, if not the Six Dynasties.
The dynamics of masters literature; early Chinese thought from Confucius to Han Feizi
Some clues can be found in Han Feizi
, in which Zixia is described as an expert on the Spring and Autumn Annals.
They include translations of Kongzi's "The Analects" and selected works by Mozi, Mengzi, Laozi, Zhuangzi, Xunzi and Han Feizi
, along with selected readings for each and appendices on important people and events of the period.
65) From depictions and anecdotes found in texts such as Lushi chunqiu [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], Zhuangzi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], and Han Feizi
[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], we learn that early Mohists assembled in groups according to a rigid hierarchy, presumably based on some notion of meritocracy.
Yushi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], the Master of Rain, is a deity mentioned in a number of other ancient Chinese texts, including the Han Feizi
; see Han Feizi
jishi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], ed.
35) Pointing to the Selections preface where Xiao Tong [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (501-531) dismisses morally dubious songs as "melodies of perishing states" (wangguo zhi yin [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) (36)--a well-worn trope from as far back as the "Ten Faults" (Shi guo [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) chapter of Han Feizi
[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]-Tanaka Kazuo notes that the texts anthologized in the Selections differ from those of the New Songs in that they do not endorse expressions of erotic desire.