hand, foot, and mouth disease


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to hand, foot, and mouth disease: coxsackievirus, fifth disease, Kawasaki disease

hand, foot, and mouth disease

(HFMD), infectious viral disease that most commonly occurs in children under five years of age. Symptoms include fever, poor appetite, and a sore throat, followed by painful sores in the mouth and a skin rash on the palms of the hand, soles of the feet, and sometimes the elbows, knees, or buttocks. The rash may develop into blisters. Dehydration may occur, especially in the very young, because drinking can be painful; in rare cases, viral meningitis or encephalitis may result. There is no treatment for the disease except to alleviate the symptoms. Typically caused by a coxsackievirus or enterovirus, HFMD is normally transmitted through contact with a patient's saliva, mucus, or feces or surfaces contaminated by these. The disease usually develops within a week of exposure to the virus, and lasts for a week to ten days. HFMD is not related to foot-and-mouth diseasefoot-and-mouth disease
or hoof-and-mouth disease,
highly contagious disease almost exclusive to cattle, sheep, swine, goats, and other cloven-hoofed animals. It is caused by a virus, specifically an aphthovirus, that was identified in 1897.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which infects cloven-hoofed animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Notes from the field: severe hand, foot, and mouth disease associated with coxsackievirus A6--Alabama, Connecticut, California, and Nevada, November 2011February 2012.
The lesions are usually pruritic; when vesicular, they are usually more tender than the lesions in hand, foot, and mouth disease.
Enterovirus coinfections and onychomadesis after hand, foot, and mouth disease, Spain, 2008.
Onychomadesis outbreak linked to hand, foot, and mouth disease, Spain, July 2008.
In September and October 2000, a large nationwide outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by HEV71 occurred in Singapore (4).
In 1998, an outbreak of enterovirus 71-associated hand, foot, and mouth disease occurred in Taiwan.