Han Fei

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Han Fei 韓非
BirthplaceState of Han

Han Fei


(also Han Fei-tzu). Born 288 B.C.; died 233 B.C. A founder of the Legist school (Fa-chia) in ancient China.

An official in the Ch’in state, Han Fei wrote most of the chapters of the treatise Han Fei-tzu, which focused on the problems of managing an administrative apparatus. As a supporter of despotic government, Han Fei developed a series of specific measures designed to limit the rights of the bureaucracy. According to the treatise, “under no circumstances should a ruler share power with anyone. If he yields to civil servants so much as a grain of his power, they will immediately turn this grain into one hundred grains” (ch. 31). Han Fei’s ideas greatly influenced the world view of the emperor Shih Huang-ti.


Drevnekitaiskaia filosofiia, vol. 2. Moscow, 1973.
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The sovereign in the political thought of Hanfeizi and Thomas Hobbes.
It is surely no coincidence that two of Xunzi's greatest students, Li Si and Hanfeizi, were advisors to the First Emperor of Qin, the first real emperor of China, who conquered all the other states and whose policies unified and standardized spoken and written language, among other things.
Kongzi and Hanfeizi had already invoked the concept of the Way (dao).
Hanfeizi jijie (Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2006), 389-40;
Nanguo, who faked pipe-blowing for the King of Qi by mixing among a team of musicians: see Chen Qiyou Hanfeizi xthjiaazhu (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2000), 30: 601.
Although the exact rules of the game are still unclear, we also know from the Hanfeizi that each player had one draughtsman designated as a xiao "owl," (12) which represented the nobility and was the leader of the other five draughtsmen.
According to another interesting passage in Hanfeizi, King Zhao of Qin (r.
However, in the Hanfeizi the Confucian value is depicted as being against playing at least the bo game.
A similar view is found in Hanfeizi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], ed.