Han Fei

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Han Fei 韓非
BirthplaceState of Han

Han Fei


(also Han Fei-tzu). Born 288 B.C.; died 233 B.C. A founder of the Legist school (Fa-chia) in ancient China.

An official in the Ch’in state, Han Fei wrote most of the chapters of the treatise Han Fei-tzu, which focused on the problems of managing an administrative apparatus. As a supporter of despotic government, Han Fei developed a series of specific measures designed to limit the rights of the bureaucracy. According to the treatise, “under no circumstances should a ruler share power with anyone. If he yields to civil servants so much as a grain of his power, they will immediately turn this grain into one hundred grains” (ch. 31). Han Fei’s ideas greatly influenced the world view of the emperor Shih Huang-ti.


Drevnekitaiskaia filosofiia, vol. 2. Moscow, 1973.
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The book is an attempt to explain how pre-Qin philosophers Hanfeizi, Mozi, Guanzi, Mencius, Xunzi, Confucius, and Laozi developed the Chinese concept of humane authority.
Nesse sentido, pois, o pensador Hanfeizi (-280 -233) concebeu que a unica forma de impor o novo sistema politico e ideologico de Qin seria a abolicao do passado.
The sovereign in the political thought of Hanfeizi and Thomas Hobbes.
It is surely no coincidence that two of Xunzi's greatest students, Li Si and Hanfeizi, were advisors to the First Emperor of Qin, the first real emperor of China, who conquered all the other states and whose policies unified and standardized spoken and written language, among other things.
To cite one example, according to Yan, the thinker Hanfeizi considers the core of political power to come from a sound legal system.
The essays collected in the Shangjun shu and the Hanfeizi call on historical precedent and cite principle to emphasize three essential concepts: fa, the models of government on which orders or laws should be based; shu, the practical methods and expedients with which to attain a ruler's objectives; and shi, the visible expression of his authority.
Hanfeizi jijie (Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2006), 389-40;
Nanguo, who faked pipe-blowing for the King of Qi by mixing among a team of musicians: see Chen Qiyou Hanfeizi xthjiaazhu (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2000), 30: 601.
Although the exact rules of the game are still unclear, we also know from the Hanfeizi that each player had one draughtsman designated as a xiao "owl," (12) which represented the nobility and was the leader of the other five draughtsmen.
A similar view is found in Hanfeizi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], ed.