Hani


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Hani

 

(also Wo-ni), a people in China, living chiefly in southern Yunnan Province. According to the 1953 census, the Hani number 481,000. They speak a Tibeto-Burman language. Related to the Yi people in origin and language, the Hani are divided into numerous ethnic groups, including the Eni (Kado), Biyue, Hao-ni, Getso, Asiluma, Doni, Emu, Lau, Soni, and Lomai. The Hani have retained ancient animistic beliefs, although Taoism was somewhat influential and Christianity has spread among the Hani in the 20th century. The Hani primarily engage in land cultivation, raising such crops as rice, sugar cane, coffee, bananas, pineapples, cotton, and rubber-bearing plants. Of lesser importance are livestock raising, hunting, and fishing. Handicrafts are represented by brickmaking, tile-making, smithing, and weaving; the principal applied arts are embroidery and basketry.

REFERENCE

Narody Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
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