Hans Geiger


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Geiger, Hans

 

Born Sept. 30, 1882, in Neustadt; died Sept. 24, 1945, in Potsdam. German physicist. Studied at the Universities of Erlangen, Munich, and Manchester. Taught at the University of Manchester from 1907 to 1912. Became a professor at the University of Kiel in 1925, at the University of Tubingen in 1929, and at the University of Berlin in 1936.

In 1908, Geiger determined the charge of the electron and, together with E. Rutherford, invented a device that made possible the counting of individual charged microscopic particles. The counter was subsequently improved by Geiger and the German physicist W. Müller and came to be called the Geiger-Müller counter. In 1911-12, together with the English physicist J. M. Nuttall, Geiger proposed an empirical formula linking the decay constant and the energy of alpha particles. Together with W. Bothe, he confirmed the correctness of the laws of conservation of energy and momentum during single collision events of elementary particles. Together with the English physicist Marsden, Geiger studied the scattering of alpha particles in thin metallic plates, experimentally confirming Rutherford’s formula.

References in periodicals archive ?
At Manchester, Hans Geiger began work on the experiments, later to be joined by Ernest Marsden.
The fundamental question is, does investment banking go together with private banking in the same bank,' said Hans Geiger, a professor at the Swiss Banking Institute.
Professor Hans Geiger and Harry Hurzeler at the University of Zurich have said three factors influenced Swiss private banks in recent years: a change in client demands and developments in both information technology and international politics.