Hans Vaihinger


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Vaihinger, Hans

 

Born Sept. 25, 1852, in Nehren, near Tübingen; died Dec. 18, 1933, in Halle. German idealist philosopher.

Vaihinger became a professor of philosophy at the University of Strasbourg in 1883 and at the University of Halle in 1906. He was the author of Commentary to Kant’s “Critique of PureReason” (vols. 1–2, 1881–82). He founded the journal Kant-Studien in 1897 and the Kant Society in 1904. Vaihinger’s main work, The Philosophy of “As If” (1911), was written under the influence of Kant, who had proposed using the fundamental philosophical ideas (spirit, world, god) “as if” (als ob) their objects were real (see Soch., vol. 3, Moscow, 1964, pp. 571–72). In his book Vaihinger developed the subjective idealist concept of fictionalism, or “critical positivism.” He considered scientific and philosophical concepts (“atom,” “infinitesimal,” “absolute,” “god,” and others) to be fictions that have no theoretical value but are important in practice. Thus Vaihinger came to agnostic conclusions about the impossibility of knowing reality as it is “in fact” and admitted that sensations are the ultimate evidence accessible to knowing.

WORKS

Hartmann, Dühring und Lange. Iserlohn, 1876.
Pessimismus und Optimismus. Berlin, 1924.
In Russian translation:
Nitsshe kakfi losof. St. Petersburg, 1913.

REFERENCE

Bakradze, K. S. Ocherki po istorii noveishei i sovremennoi burzhuaznoi filosofii. Tbilisi, 1960.
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He covers useful truths: lessons from Hans Vaihinger, a measure of belief: lessons from Frank Ramsey, and political ideals: lessons from John Rawls.
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Saler derives his title from the 1911 "Fictionalist" manifesto of philosopher Hans Vaihinger, The Philosophy of "As If.
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9) See Hans Vaihinger, The Philosophy of "As If": A System of the Theoretical, Practical, and Religious Fictions of Mankind, trans.
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Es necesario destacar en este contexto el estudio de Hans Vaihinger sobre Nietzsche en el que glosandole senala que: Estos conceptos delirantes estan creados por la voluntad y creados por medio de <<mecanismos enganosos>>.
Mauthner always stood outside of academic life; although Ernst Mach and Hans Vaihinger appreciated his work, he remained philosophically a rather lonely figure and had no following.
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