hantavirus

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hantavirus,

any of a genus (Hantavirus) of single-stranded RNA virusesvirus,
parasite with a noncellular structure composed mainly of nucleic acid within a protein coat. Most viruses are too small (100–2,000 Angstrom units) to be seen with the light microscope and thus must be studied by electron microscopes.
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 that are carried by rodents and transmitted to humans when they inhale vapors from contaminated rodent urine, saliva, or feces. There are many strains of hantavirus. The first to be isolated (1976) was the Hantaan virus (from the Han River in South Korea, which also gives the species its name). Hantaan virus and its related strains, Seoul virus and Puulmala virus, cause Korean hemorrhagic fever (more correctly, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome), a condition in which the capillaries of the circulatory system begin to leak blood. Although some people with the disease are nearly asymptomatic, in others it can lead to shock, acute kidney failure, and, in 10% of cases, death.

A second disease, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, was identified in the United States in 1993 and is caused by at least three strains of the virus. It is known to be carried by deer mice, white-footed mice, and cotton rats. This disease is much more deadly, causing flulike symptoms that can lead to fluid accumulation in the lungs and death. One of the pulmonary strains, the Sin Nombre virus (named for a Spanish massacre of Native Americans that occurred in the canyon where it was discovered), was the cause of a 1993 outbreak in the Four Corners area of the SW United States that killed 32 of 53 people known to have been infected. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome occurs sporadically in North America, with roughly one third of those known to be infected dying from the disease. Outbreaks of a hantavirus strain that apparently can be spread from person to person occurred in South America in 1996 and 1997. There is no vaccination for pulmonary hantavirus. Treatment includes respiratory and hemodynamic support; the antiviral drug ribavirin has been effective in some cases.

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Sonra onu tekrar uyandirdi; hanta bizi selamladi ve odadan cikti.
Lessons in cold injury prevention from WWII had to be re-learned by commanders, (53) a temperate strain of Plasmodium vivax--which liked to hide in the liver for months--put a new complication in malaria chemoprophylaxis and treatment until primaquine was developed and issued in 1951, (54,55) and on the peninsula US forces also got their first introduction to the hanta virus.
Changing land-use patterns are also influencing the evolution of disease, enabling infections such as West Nile virus, malaria, cholera, Rift Valley fever, and hanta virus to emerge in new places and increase in frequency.
Jackson felt that one way to develop this sense of clarity of vision was to share with them the Lakota war chant, hanta yo, which means "the spirit goes ahead of us" (p.
Your choices otherwise are to (a) have your electric toothbrush placed in a laminated steel explosive ordnance disposal container and blown to bits, or (b), having your standard toothbrush handled and then violently sneezed on by a screener who seems like a recent--like, yesterday--emigre from a country where Hemorrhagic Fever and Hanta Virus compete for epidemiological supremacy.
He first makes the connection between pandemics in early modern Europe and the new plagues of today: AIDS, Ebola, Hanta, West Nile, "Mad Cow," and SARS (1).
The health centre is infested with mice, and the doctor, who has been visiting the community for the past 28 years, is concerned about hanta virus and other diseases such infestation brings.
Another epidemiological issue plaguing Panamanian neighborhoods is hanta virus.
These areas are ideal spots for scientific studies on the Hanta Virus, West Nile, and for further investigation of the negative effects and boundaries of the plague.
Cette question hanta les confesseurs qui, face aux difficultes des couples, ressentaient combien il etait << difficile de manoeuvrer, car la loi etait ferme (34) >>.
She and Bev Kennedy, executive director of the Fraser Heritage Society, were concerned that the hanta virus (carried by mice) might show, up at provincial heritage sites.
The work was arduous--McNeal came down with hanta virus and dislocated both shoulders-and raised eyebrows among his peers.