Haraj

Haraj

 

a land tax collected in the countries of the Near and Middle East. Known as harag in the Sassanid state, it was introduced as part of the tax reforms of Kavadh I and Khosrau I Anushirvan. In the caliphate, the haraj was at first exacted from the non-Muslim population, and later from Muslim landholders as well. Before the time of the Abbasids, the tax was generally levied on the basis of units of land area; in the second half of the eighth century, in some parts of the caliphate, the practice was to make taxation proportional to the harvest. In the Ottoman Empire the haraj and the jizya had merged into one by the end of the 18th century. In Egypt the haraj was replaced by the income tax in 1907.

References in periodicals archive ?
Used car showrooms in Al Aweer in Dubai or Al Haraj in Sharjah offer a variety of vehicles.
The meeting, chaired jointly by PFA Director General Noorul Amin Mengal and Chairman Amir Hayat Haraj, was held to take steps for ensuring availability of healthy food at food points, restaurants and shops by overcoming the food safety issues along with reviewing the PFA's progress.
Sharjah launched various projects in the last two years to boost the economy including the development of Souq Al Jubail, the establishment of Souq Al Haraj, the development of Tilal City and Heart of Sharjah, in addition to spending on cultural events such as Sharjah Biennial and Sharjah Heritage Days.
Other PTI leaders including Ahmad Yar Haraj and Zartaj Gull also spoke on this occasion.
While speaking to journalists the United Doctors' Front (UDF) chairperson Prof Masudur Rauf Haraj said that PMA Multan chapter's last elections were held on April 17, 2010.
Punjab Ministers Rana Sanaullah, Rana Mashood, Bilal Yaseen, Malik Mohammad Ahmad Khan, Chairman PFA Amir Hayat Haraj, DG PFA Noor-ul-Amin Mengal and a large number of medical experts also attended the convention.
Punjab Ministers Rana Sanaullah, Rana Mashood, Bilal Yaseen, Malik Muhammad Ahmad Khan, Chairman PFA Amir Hayat Haraj, DG PFA Noor-ul-Amin Mengal and a large number of medical experts also attended the convention.
The artillery units targeted terrorists' positions and movements in Haraj Jabata Khashab and al-Hamriyeh South of the town of Hadhar, killing and wounding several militants and destroying their equipment.
He said this during his meeting with Raza Hayat Haraj, ,MNA who called on him in Model town on Tuesday.
Souq al HaRaJ (4) Fancy cars, scenic surroundings and beautiful people are not your typical souq, I suppose.
Voltron Motors, owned by Gibson, signed a deal with Souq Al Haraj, a property of Sharjah Asset Management, according to a statement.