Harappa


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Harappa:

see Indus valley civilizationIndus valley civilization,
ancient civilization that arose about 3300 B.C. in the valley of the Indus River and its tributaries, in the northwestern portion of the Indian subcontinent, i.e., present-day Pakistan, and was at its height from about 2600 B.C. to about 1900 B.C.
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Harappa

 

the ruins of one of the chief centers of the Harappan civilization, located near an old bed of the Ravi River, near Multan, Pakistan. The ruins were discovered by R. Sahni in 1921 and subsequently investigated by M. S. Vats, M. Wheeler, and G. F. Dales. The settlement occupied an area of more than 260 hectares and consisted of a citadel and the lower city. The lower city, laid out according to a well-defined plan, was divided into various quarters and separate production complexes, the latter including granaries, round grain-pounding platforms, and a foundry. Other objects of material culture found at Harappa are characteristic of all the settlements of the Harappan civilization.

REFERENCE

Vats, M. S. Excavations at Harappa, vols. 1–2. Delhi, 1940.

Harappa

an ancient city in the Punjab in NW Pakistan: one of the centres of the Indus civilization that flourished from 2500 to 1700 bc; probably destroyed by Indo-European invaders
References in periodicals archive ?
The themes of the regional exhibitions were quite different this time from Mehergarh to Quetta, Harappa to Lahore via Katas, Akra to Peshawar via Takht Bai, Mohenjo-Daro to Karachi via Makli, and from Takhtbai to Islamabad.
Noting that the interpretation of what life was like during those periods of transition has long been guided by the idea of civilization as a stage of cultural development, he counters with excavation and survey data from places like Harappa, Tiahuanaco, and Monte Alban, creating a more accurate pictures.
The present study was conducted to compare the insect diversity of old groves and newly rehabilitated stands of thorn forest community at Harappa archaeological site.
La autora se manifiesta a favor de referirse a ella como la Civilizacion de Harappa, en primer lugar porque los sitios arqueologicos encontrados se extienden mas alla del Valle del Indo, no se limitan al rio Ghaggar-Hakra, y tambien porque prefiere seguir la convencion de nombrar a la civilizacion conforme al primer sitio que se descubrio.
In fact, from January to December 2014, the diary is like a journey through time that starts with Harappa, moves on to Moen jo Daro, Shorkot, Taxila, Sangla, Udegram and Bhambore, traverses through Takht Bahi, Jamal Garhi and Rani Gut and culminates at Brahminabad.
The results shed light on a mystery surrounding why the major cities of the Indus Civilisation (also known as the Harappan Civilisation, after Harappa, one of the five cities) were abandoned.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A new study on the human skeletal remains from the ancient Indus city of Harappa provides evidence that inter-personal violence and infectious diseases played a role in the demise of the Indus, or Harappan Civilization around 4,000 years ago.
It was on the basis of geographical coherence that Pakistan (Indus region), despite facing many disasters and calamities like complete annihilation of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro during its centuries old history, always re-emerged stronger than before.
Tripathi locates Meluha in the area of the Mohenjorado and Harappa civilisation and draws heavily from the historical finds in the area, to define the near-perfect life of the citizens of his fictional land.
The attractions range from archeological sites of Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa and Taxila to Himalayan hill stations.
Best known for his graphic novels Corridor (2004), The Barn Owl's Wondrous Capers (2007), and The Harappa Files (2011), Berlin-based Indian artist Sarnath Banerjee expanded the presentation of his cultural and historical research with "History is Written by Garment Exporters," a collection of artworks consisting of drawings, prints, films, collages, sketchbooks, and appropriated items such as books and sneakers.
As in Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Rupar, Lothal, Navdatoli and other sites over the sub-continent, pre-historic finds have been discovered in Haryana.