Harar


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Harar

or

Harrar

(both: hä`rər), city (1994 pop. 76,378), capital of Harar region, E central Ethiopia, at an altitude of c.6,000 ft (1,830 m). It is the trade center for a region where coffee, cereals, and cotton are produced. Harar was probably founded in the 7th cent. After 1520 the Somali conqueror Ahmad Gran made it the capital of a considerable Muslim state, but an OromoOromo
or Galla
, traditionally pastoral tribes who live in W and S Ethiopia and N Kenya. They number more than 25 million. About half are Muslim, about a third Ethiopian Orthodox, and about a sixth Protestant.
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 invasion brought an end (1577) to its political power. The city maintained a precarious independence until its occupation (1875–85) by Egypt. In 1887 it was incorporated into Ethiopia by Menelik II. The Harari inhabitants of the city are a distinctive Ethiopian group who speak a Semitic language, but whose written literature is Arabic. A walled city, Harar was long a center of Islamic learning, and has many mosques and shrines. It also is the site of a military academy and of teacher-training and agricultural schools. It is also spelled Harer.

Harar

 

(also Harer), a city in eastern Ethiopia; capital of Harar Province. Population, 51,000 (1975). Harar is connected by highway with the cities of Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa. It is a center for trade in coffee and coffee processing and for trade in grain, fruit, and cattle. Cottage industries specialize in the production of metal ware, pottery, and tanned hides.

Harar

, Harrer
a city in E Ethiopia: former capital of the Muslim state of Adal. Pop.: 96 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
He also captured footage of hyenas in Harar, Ethiopia, and pigeon-eating catfish in Albi, France, for the show, which completed shoots in 40 countries.
You can support Harar Beer Bottling FC, which has links to a brewery in city Harar (the brewery was acquired from the Ethiopian government in 2011 by Heineken) or rivals Dashen Beer.
Yousuf is from an Oromo Muslim family in the eastern city Harar.
Muctar said in addition to the pleasant weather, tourists can enjoy a number of historic sites, including in the walled city of Harar, considered one of the holiest places in the Muslim world, and Aksum city, which is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in Africa.
Vandeweerd, "Antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Salmonella and Shigella isolates in Harar, Eastern Ethiopia," Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity, vol.
Deep History of Entanglements: A Case Study of Humans and Hyenas in Harar, Ethiopia
Driving straight east from the capital of Addis Ababa, visitors arrive in Harar near the border with Somalia.
The survey of 11,170 patient treated in the Ras Mekonnen Hospital in Harar.
In addition to rose bushes, the garden also has medicinal trees such as bel, camphor, yellow gulmohar, bahera and harar.