Harar


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Harar

or

Harrar

(both: hä`rər), city (1994 pop. 76,378), capital of Harar region, E central Ethiopia, at an altitude of c.6,000 ft (1,830 m). It is the trade center for a region where coffee, cereals, and cotton are produced. Harar was probably founded in the 7th cent. After 1520 the Somali conqueror Ahmad Gran made it the capital of a considerable Muslim state, but an OromoOromo
or Galla
, traditionally pastoral tribes who live in W and S Ethiopia and N Kenya. They number more than 25 million. About half are Muslim, about a third Ethiopian Orthodox, and about a sixth Protestant.
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 invasion brought an end (1577) to its political power. The city maintained a precarious independence until its occupation (1875–85) by Egypt. In 1887 it was incorporated into Ethiopia by Menelik II. The Harari inhabitants of the city are a distinctive Ethiopian group who speak a Semitic language, but whose written literature is Arabic. A walled city, Harar was long a center of Islamic learning, and has many mosques and shrines. It also is the site of a military academy and of teacher-training and agricultural schools. It is also spelled Harer.

Harar

 

(also Harer), a city in eastern Ethiopia; capital of Harar Province. Population, 51,000 (1975). Harar is connected by highway with the cities of Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa. It is a center for trade in coffee and coffee processing and for trade in grain, fruit, and cattle. Cottage industries specialize in the production of metal ware, pottery, and tanned hides.

Harar

, Harrer
a city in E Ethiopia: former capital of the Muslim state of Adal. Pop.: 96 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Harar was built by Ahmed the Left-Handed, obviously a right-on kind of guy.
When you go to Harar today, and any other coffee region for that matter, you see the renovation going on and you see that coffee farming is being done correctly, that farmers are applying new agricultural practices to the way they grow coffee," said Orit Orle, owner of Dubai-based Boon Coffee importers and specialty roasters of Ethiopian coffees.
The slopes of the Chercher mountain range, just outside Harar, are said to grow the finest coffee in the world, the factor that probably drew Arthur Rimbaud, the rebellious 19th century French poet (who was, for a time, a coffee trader) to live in the city.
The colt, born on January 13, is out of the winning Lagunas mare Hosea, dam of several winners including last season's German St Leger second Harar.
Intriguing scraps of manuscript continue to surface at rare intervals, and even a photo, very likely authentic, of Rimbaud in Aden (Yemen), where he spent much of the 1880s leading expeditions to Harar in Ethiopia, and beyond, trading in arms and other goods.
See early stone tools found in Ethiopia; a wide selection of objects from the Ethiopian Orthodox Church such as illuminated manuscripts and processional crosses; a selection of Korans from the holy city of Harar, the fourth most important site in Islam; and the first coins minted by an indigenous African civilization.
Other Implementing Partner(s): Ethiopian Catholic Church Social and Development Coordinating Office of Harar (ECC-SDCOH), Handicap International, Cordaid
Having already tracked down about 6,000 different Arabica varieties within the boundaries of Ethiopia alone, Kufa said the research center "still has so many uncovered areas, like in Harar where coffee plant material collected have yet to be catalogued" and studied in detail.
Officials said the suspects were plotting terrorist attacks in Ethiopia's Somali and Harar Regional States.
The atmospheric eastern walled city of Harar is another revered Muslim holy place.
Additionally, more decision-makers attended alone as opposed to bringing lower-level staff to this year's event, increasing the level of qualified buyers," said Robert Harar, Chairman of National Trade Productions.
In Harar evangelicals also were not able to bury their dead in the same cemeteries used by the Orthodox and Muslims.