Born Oct. 12, 1865, in Manchester; died June 6, 1940, in Bourne End, Buckinghamshire. English biochemist. Member of the London Royal Society (1909).
Harden studied chemistry at Victoria University in Manchester from 1882 to 1886 and at the University of Erlangen in Germany in 1887-88 and obtained the degree of doctor of philosophy. He began working at Victoria University in 1888 and directed the chemical and water analysis laboratory from 1897. From 1907 to 1930 he was head of the biochemistry division in the Institute of Preventative Medicine (today the Lister Institute). He became a professor of biochemistry at the University of London in 1912. In 1902 he began research on the biochemistry of alcoholic fermentation, which he continued to the end of his life. He was awarded the Nobel Prize (in 1929, with H. Euler-Chelpin) for his work on the biochemistry of alcoholic fermentation and the enzymes that are part of the process. In 1906 he founded the Biochemical Journal with W. Bayliss.
REFERENCESLes Prix Nobel en 1929. Stockholm, 1930.
Dictionary of National Biography, 1931-1940. Oxford-London, 1949.