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see HaridwarHaridwar
or Hardwar
, city (1991 pop. 187,392), Uttarakhand state, N India, on the Ganges River. The headworks of the Ganges Canal system are located in Haridwar. Annual and duodecennial pilgrimages are associated with the town's Hindu temple and with the Ganges.
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, India.

Hardwar (India)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Hardwar, also known as Haridwar, is one of India’s holiest sites, a city located on the sacred Ganges River at the point it exits from the mountains to flow across the plains. In ancient times it was called Kapilsthan, a reference to Kapil, an ancient sage credited with creating cosmology and psychology, who is said to have resided there.

The variant names of the city, Hardwar (Gate of Shiva) and Haridwar (Gate of Vishnu), call attention to two nearby shrines to these deities at Kedarnath and Badrinath respectively. Among the most holy objects in the city is a reputed footprint of Vishnu found on one of the steps leading into the Ganges, where pilgrims gather to bath.

Hardwar is the site of several of India’s most well-attended festivals. Every spring, at the beginning of the Hindu year, there is a solar festival. Then every twelve years, Hardwar is one of four cities along the Ganges that host India’s largest religious gathering, attended by millions, the Kumbh Mela. The Kumbh Mela is noted for the arrival of numerous holy men (called saDHUS and siddhis), many of whom have spent the previous years alone in the nearby mountains and forests. Halfway between the Kumbh Melas, a smaller celebration called the Ardh Kumbh is held. Hardwar is also a place where it is believed that spiritual liberation is assisted simply by being in its holy environs.

Hardwar is the home to many temples, ashrams, swamis, and gurus. The increase in the number of tourists and spiritual seekers in recent decades has led to the expansion of facilities dedicated to accommodating their needs.


Dubey, D. P. Prayaga: The Site of Kumbha Mela; In Temporal and Traditional Space. New Delhi: Aryan Books, 2001.
Hebner, Jack. Kumbha Mela: The Word’s Largest Act of Faith. San Rafael: Mandala Publishing, 1991.
References in periodicals archive ?
Deptartment of Zoology, Berhampur University, Berhampur, Odisha; [3] National Institute of Malaria Research (Field Unit), Ranchi, Jharkhand; [4] National Institute of Malaria Research (Field Unit), Hardwar, Uttarakhand; [5] National Institute of Malaria Research (Field Unit), Bengaluru, Karnataka; [6] WHO-SEARO, New Delhi, India
Baba Ramdev's' ashram in Hardwar called Patanjali Yogpith is the spiritual destination of large numbers of Indian and foreign devotees.
He sent me down to Hardwar to test me for the next two days.
Gurukula Kangri University, Hardwar Mailing address: 21, Govind Nagar Rishikesh, 249201, India
25) Manaku's entry recorded in a Hardwar priest's register in 1736 confirms that this family of painters migrated to Guler several years before the sack of Delhi by Muhammad Shah in 1739.
Men are "cold calling" addresses in the Sandwell area claiming to be from Hardwar, an area of North India, according to reports.
The resulting flood would put millions at risk and submerge a number of downstream cities, including Rishikesh, Hardwar, and Meenut--which is just 55 kilometers east of New Delhi.
In 1954, about 800 pilgrims died during the Kumbh Mela in Allahabad and, in 1984, about 200 people died in a stampede in the Hindu holy town of Hardwar.
Lise McKean's essay explores Bharat Mata, Mother India, in the context of a temple recently constructed for her in the pilgrimage center of Hardwar.
The authorities moved to defuse tension which had mounted in the Himalayan foothills town of Hardwar ahead of the most auspicious day of the Kumbh Mela festival, giving the go-ahead for a march by a host of scantily clad ascetics.
In general, when software costs are "bundled" with hardwar costs, accelerated cost recovery under Section 168 may be available, whereas "unbundled" software costs will be depreciable over five or fewer years, depending on the demonstrated useful life of the software.
The systems-development group, including software and hardwar representatives, worked under the oversight of the cross-functional project-design team, with regular updates to broader audiences, including finance.