Harland, Henry

Harland, Henry,

1861–1905, American novelist, b. St. Petersburg, Russia, studied at Harvard. He traveled extensively in Europe during his childhood. His first novels were written under the pseudonym Sidney Luska and dealt with immigrant Jewish life in the United States. He later abandoned this type of writing and in 1889 left the United States to live in London. There he became one of the leading exponents of fin de siècle aestheticism and with Aubrey BeardsleyBeardsley, Aubrey Vincent
, 1872–98, English illustrator and writer, b. Brighton. Beardsley exemplifies the aesthetic movement in English art of the 1890s (see decadents).
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 founded (1894) the Yellow BookYellow Book,
English illustrated quarterly published (1894–97) in book form in London. Henry Harland was literary editor, and Aubrey Beardsley, whose exotic and provocative drawings brought immediate attention to the publication, was art editor until 1896.
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. During the three years of the Yellow Book's publication, Harland was its literary editor and contributed many stories to it. His later novels, including The Cardinal's Snuff Box (1900) and The Lady Paramount (1902), were noted for their wit and highly polished prose style.

Harland, Henry (Sidney Luska, pen name)

(1861–1905) writer, editor; born in New York City. He posed as a Russian-Jewish immigrant schooled in Europe and Harvard. The only truth to his story was that he attended the Harvard Divinity School for a brief period (c. 1882). He studied at City College (1877–80), and using his pen name, wrote novels about Jewish immigrants, such as The Yoke of the Thorah (1887). He moved to Paris (1889), wrote additional novels under his real name, and settled in London (1890). He was the founder and editor of the literary and artistic journal, The Yellow Book (1894–97), and wrote romantic novels such as The Cardinal's Snuff-Box (1900).
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