Harlem


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Harlem: Harlem Globetrotters

Harlem,

residential and business section of upper Manhattan, New York City, bounded roughly by 110th St., the East River and Harlem River, 168th St., Amsterdam Ave., and Morningside Park. The Dutch settlement of Nieuw Haarlem was established by Peter Stuyvesant in 1658. To the W of Harlem, near the present site of Columbia Univ., British and Continental forces fought (Sept. 16, 1776) the Battle of Harlem Heights. Harlem remained rural until the 19th cent. when improved transportation facilities linked it with lower Manhattan. It then became a fashionable residential section of New York City. By the turn of the century Harlem had a large Jewish population; starting around 1910 Harlem became the scene of increasing African-American migration from the South. It soon became the largest and most influential African-American community in the nation, one of the centers of innovation in jazz, and the home of such Harlem Renaissance authors as Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, and Zora Neale Hurston. In East Harlem, a largely Italian neighborhood—the home of Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia—many Puerto Ricans and other Hispanic-Americans settled after World War II. Seventh Ave. at 125th Street is generally considered the heart of Harlem; Lenox Ave., once internationally known for its entertainment spots, is now mainly lined with housing developments. Harlem is the site of the Abyssinian Baptist Church, headed for many years by Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., and the Apollo theater, noted for performances by African-American musicians and entertainers. An extensive scholarly collection is housed at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture (part of the New York Public Library), which is adjacent to the Countee Cullen branch of the Library. Harlem today is a depressed economic area with considerable unemployment; much of its housing is substandard. There has been some gentrification and a return of middle-class blacks to the neighborhood.

Bibliography

See G. Osofsky, Harlem: The Making of a Ghetto (1966); J. S. Gurock, When Harlem Was Jewish (1979); C. L. Greenberg, Or Does It Explode: Black Harlem in the Thirties (1991); S. Rhodes-Pitts, Harlem Is Nowhere (2011); C. J. Bergara, Harlem: The Unmaking of a Ghetto (2013).

Harlem

 

a section of New York City (USA) populated mainly by Negroes (the Negro or black ghetto) and located in the northeastern part of the island of Manhattan. Originally, Harlem was a village founded by the Dutch in 1636, who brought the first shipment of Negro slaves there. In 1731 it was incorporated into New York. The rise of black ghettos such as Harlem was associated with a policy of racial segregation and discrimination. Harlem is characterized by over-crowdedness, higher apartment rents, lack of elementary sanitary conditions, an acute shortage of hospitals and schools, and the extreme poverty and high mortality rate of the inhabitants. Harlem is one of the centers of the Negro movement in the USA. The largest manifestations of the movement occurred in the autumn of 1959 in protest against segregation in education, in the summer of 1964, after a policeman murdered a Negro teen-ager, and in the spring of 1968 in connection with the assassination of the leader of the Negro movement, M. L. King.

V. A. TISHKOV

Harlem

a district of New York City, in NE Manhattan: now largely a Black ghetto
References in periodicals archive ?
The film will examine the Great Migration of African-Americans from the South to Harlem in the early 1900's, to the renowned Harlem Renaissance of the 1920's and 30's, to the preservation of recipes and traditions as it relates to the present-day New Food Renaissance in Harlem.
Shaka Zulu along with two of his young students from the Shakajutsu Warriors Academy in Harlem who demonstrated defensive techniques, rolls, and disciplined flips, blocks and a spectacular sword display by Dr.
Wilson views the struggle for health and wellness in Harlem as not just one of many struggles waged in those tumultuous decades, but as the principal struggle waged by Black residents of Harlem in those years.
Tunisia does the Harlem Shake Following the assassination of a major political leader and resignation of their Prime Minister, Tunisia is threatened by perhaps its most subversive political conspiracy yet: the Harlem Shake
Although the points O'Hara makes in his introductory "Decline of the Harlem Music Scene" (pp.
com, features full property details and an interactive map of Harlem that shows Central Park North through the northernmost tip of Manhattan, and spanning east to west.
When asked in mid-January about rumors that the Harlem location would close, Warburg President Frederick Peters told The Real Deal by e-mail: "I have no plans to close that office.
In this modern morality tale, Harlem Renaissance--luminary Langston Hughes pokes fun at the excesses of the black church, but never does he mock the black church itself.
Additional information about the Harlem Globetrotters can be found at the team's Web site, www.
The basement of Ephesus Church on 123rd Street and Lenox Avenue in New York City is where Turnball started his Boys Choir of Harlem in 1968.
In chapter 4 of Rethinking Social Realism, Morgan deftly addresses this conceit by reiterating the influence and relevance of the Harlem Renaissance, even during the decades of Social Realism.
We acknowledge the historical record of inequalities and ongoing power differentials that exist between this wealthy institution of higher learning and other neighborhood institutions and organizations, and yet we regard our included schools, personnel, and students as being part of Harlem and Washington Heights, not separate from them.