Harun al-Rashid

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Harun al-Rashid

?763--809 ad, Abbasid caliph of Islam (786--809), whose court at Baghdad was idealized in the Arabian Nights

Harun al-Rashid

 

Born February 766 in Ray; died Mar. 24, 809, in Tus. Caliph from 786. Member of the Abbasid dynasty.

Harun came to power with the aid of the Barmecide family, which represented the interests of the Iranian feudal aristocracy. Until the fall of the Barmecides in 803, the family provided Ha-run’s viziers and largely controlled the affairs of the caliphate. From 803 he ruled alone.

Under Harun the Baghdad Caliphate made great progress in agriculture, crafts, trade, and the arts, especially literature. At the same time, however, signs of the decline of the caliphate appeared: antigovernment uprisings took place in Deylam, Syria, and other regions. Harun continued the struggle that his predecessors had begun against Byzantium. He died during a military campaign undertaken to crush the Rafi ibn Leis Uprising in Middle Asia.

The idealized image of Harun popularized by the tales of A Thousand and One Nights has been proved false by the Soviet Orientalist V. V. Bartol’d.

References in periodicals archive ?
Apart from Ayn Zubaydah, Queen Zubaydah and Caliph Haroun Al-Rashid completed a number of projects in their reign.
She gave the example of Haroun al-Rashid, the third caliph or head of state of the Islamic Abbasid Empire, is rumored to have had some 2,000 concubines.
Le premier, << Haroun al-Rashid a Paris : Le Prince deguise, symbole politique et motif poetique >>, place sous le signe de la traduction de Galland, est centre sur des romans << populaires >> ou s'exprime le romantisme social reformiste du XIXe siecle, et analyse les avatars du calife Haroun al-Rashid, de Restif de la Bretonne (Les Nuits de Paris) a Dumas (Le Comte de MonteCristo, Les Mohicans de Paris), en passant par Sue (Les Mysteres de Paris).
Thus epitomizing tolerance, openness, and the delicate balance between cultural and religious lives, Haroun al-Rashid is an appropriate namesake for Rushdie's son-father team, whose task necessitates the annihilation of the intolerant monist Khattam-Shud, in order to save the Ocean of the Streams of Story - the repository of cultural wealth and diversity.
Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman and Ponio were among those who helped reconcile the two families.
Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman said the fund was apart from the money that the regional government had spent for the continuing relief operations for Marawi's 260,000 displaced residents since May 23.
Lucman is the son of the late ex-Congressman Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman and former Governor Tarhata Alonto-Lucman of Lanao del Sur who served as peace adviser to past national executives.
To justify her claim, Mutairi cites an 8th century Muslim leader Haroun al-Rashid, who is rumoured to have had 2,000 mistresses.
Mizrachi likes these visits, which allow him to take the measure of matters without restriction, even if he isn't Haroun al-Rashid (who, according to legend, liked to move incognito among his subjects in Baghdad).
Alamia, also a registered nurse since 1993, took over from Hataman's deputy, Regional Vice Governor Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman.
Around 300 Badjao people, also known "Samah Dilaut, were fed and given free medical exams Wednesday night at the ARMM compound here by Governor Mujiv Hataman, Vice Governor Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman, and some of cabinet members.
Haroun Al-Rashid Lucman, ARMM vice governor, and lawyer Jamar Kulayan, ARMM education secretary, marked the declaration and opening of the event with the ceremonial banging of the agong (gong) and the releasing of doves.