Harriet Martineau


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Martineau, Harriet

(mär`tĭnō), 1802–76, English author. A journalist rather than a writer of literature, she was an enormously popular author. Her success is the more remarkable since she was deaf from childhood and the victim of various other illnesses throughout her life. The sister of the Unitarian minister James Martineau, she began her career writing articles on religious subjects. Her fame spread with Illustrations of Political Economy (9 vol., 1832–34) and Illustrations of Taxation (1834), two series of stories interpreting classical economics to the layman. After a visit to the United States in 1834, she became an advocate for the abolition of slavery and wrote several unflattering works on the American way of life, including Society in America (1837) and Retrospect of Western Travel (1838). Her later writings include Deerbrook (1839), a novel; The Playfellow (4 vol., 1841), tales for children; Letters on Mesmerism (1845); The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte (1853); and a very candid autobiography (1877), containing commentaries on the literary figures of her day.

Bibliography

See biography by V. Wheatley (1957); study by R. K. Webb (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Arnold's attitude toward the writings of Charlotte Bronte and Harriet Martineau was thoroughly ambivalent.
One of his journalists, Harriet Martineau, visited in 1892, and Dickens published her plea for its expansion: "What a blessing it would be to these people if some kind person would send them a good assortment, and a plentiful one, of works of fiction
Translation, Authorship and the Victorian Professional Woman: Charlotte Bronte, Harriet Martineau and George Eliot.
We rounded out the list by celebrating and commemorating these past pioneers in travel and travel adventure: Harriet Martineau (1802-1876); Mary Kingsley (1862-1900); Fanny Bullock Workman (1859-1925); Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) and Amelia Earhart (1897-1937).
Peterson devotes considerable attention to the ecclesiastical identifications and spiritual commitments of her six main subjects: Harriet Martineau, Mary Howitt, Elizabeth Gaskell, Charlotte Riddell, Alice Meynell, and Mary Cholmondeley.
Coverage encompasses Ibn Khaldun, Auguste Comte, Harriet Martineau, Alexis de Tocqueville, Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, Thorsten Veblen, Georg Simmel, Emile Durkheim, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Max Weber, George Herbert Mead, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, Joseph A.
Harriet Martineau (1802-1876) An avid feminist, Harriet traveled the USA and wrote widely on women's rights and education.
Most were outsiders--a Frenchman: Gustave de Beaumont, two Germans: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, and a majority of English commentators: John Stuart Mill, Harriet Martineau, Sir Henry Maine, James Anthony Froude and Matthew Arnold.
Harriet Martineau, for example, celebrated the possibility that 'the right pursuit of truth would cancel half the evils which afflict humanity'.
Through the works of distinguished authors and commentators such as Thomas Carlyle, Harriet Martineau, Charles Dickens, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Frederick Douglass, Ida B.
Which didn't deter Miss Harriet Martineau of Massachusetts pledging to send missionaries to the moon to convert those flying men and women.
This travelogue sheds light on the life and writings of three outstanding, middle-class Englishwomen: Harriet Martineau, Florence Nightingale and Amelia Edwards.