Harriet Martineau


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Martineau, Harriet

(mär`tĭnō), 1802–76, English author. A journalist rather than a writer of literature, she was an enormously popular author. Her success is the more remarkable since she was deaf from childhood and the victim of various other illnesses throughout her life. The sister of the Unitarian minister James Martineau, she began her career writing articles on religious subjects. Her fame spread with Illustrations of Political Economy (9 vol., 1832–34) and Illustrations of Taxation (1834), two series of stories interpreting classical economics to the layman. After a visit to the United States in 1834, she became an advocate for the abolition of slavery and wrote several unflattering works on the American way of life, including Society in America (1837) and Retrospect of Western Travel (1838). Her later writings include Deerbrook (1839), a novel; The Playfellow (4 vol., 1841), tales for children; Letters on Mesmerism (1845); The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte (1853); and a very candid autobiography (1877), containing commentaries on the literary figures of her day.

Bibliography

See biography by V. Wheatley (1957); study by R. K. Webb (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Duchess at the National Portrait Gallery looking at a portrait of herself and, inset, the portrait of Harriet Martineau
But as Lesa Scholl makes clear in Translation, Authorship and the Victorian Professional Woman: Charlotte Bronte, Harriet Martineau and George Eliot these three women writers also exerted wide-ranging cultural influence and fashioned authoritative professional identities in their work as translators.
Peterson incisively accounts for the fluctuations in the literary marketplace over the long Victorian period, beginning with a chapter devoted to Harriet Martineau and one to the Howitts in the 1820s and 1830s that concentrates on periodical publishing and the diminished power of poetry in post-Romantic decades.
Through the works of distinguished authors and commentators such as Thomas Carlyle, Harriet Martineau, Charles Dickens, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Frederick Douglass, Ida B.
Which didn't deter Miss Harriet Martineau of Massachusetts pledging to send missionaries to the moon to convert those flying men and women.
This travelogue sheds light on the life and writings of three outstanding, middle-class Englishwomen: Harriet Martineau, Florence Nightingale and Amelia Edwards.
Osborough, using traditional research techniques, could not locate this fragment, but my google search quickly revealed its provenance: it is from 'On, On Forever' by the nineteenth-century poet, Harriet Martineau.
He was Robert Martineau, the nephew of Harriet Martineau, the famous writer and journalist.
There is no mention of Thackeray, Henry David Thoreau, Isabella Bishop, Harriet Martineau, or John Goldie.
Margaret Fuller, Harriet Martineau, and George Eliot all realized that
The Woman and the Hour: Harriet Martineau and Victorian Ideologies.
Within such a time-span, the analysis addresses an unsurprising choice of novels such as The Mill on the Floss and Wuthering Heights, alongside less canonical novels by Geraldine Jewsbury (The Half Sisters) and Harriet Martineau (Deerbrook).