Harry Edmund Martinson

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Martinson, Harry Edmund


Born May 6, 1904, in Jamshog, Blekinge. Swedish writer, member of the Swedish Academy (1949).

Martinson is the son of a sailor and was himself a seaman. His first collection of verse was The Ghost Ship (1929). He was a member of the literary group known as the Five Youths, which proclaimed the principles of what was called primitivism. Characteristic of the collections Nature (1934), Trade Wind (1945), and Cicada (1953), written mainly in blank verse, is the striving for a philosophical understanding of nature. In the collection The Nomad (1931), books of travel accounts Aimless Journeys (1932) and Cape Farewell (1933), and the novel The Road (1948), he develops the Utopian idea of permanent vagrancy as the means for overcoming the evil of bourgeois civilization. He has published the autobiographical novels Flowering Nettle (1935; Russian translation, 1939) and The Way Out (1936). In the early 1940’s he developed a pessimistic view of technical progress, which in his opinion was endangering human existence (anti-utopian narrative poem Aniara, a Review of Man in Time and Space, 1956).


Dikter. Stockholm, 1961.
Utsikt fran en grästuva. Stockholm, 1963.
Dikter om ljus och mörker. Stockholm [1971].
In Russian translation:
“Svobodnoe voskresen’e.” In the collection Shvedskaia novella XIX-XX vv. Moscow, 1964.


Cederblad-Hansen, C. Tio kvdllar med Harry Martinson. Stockholm, 1957.
Wrede, J. Sangen om Aniara: Studier i Harry Martinsons tankevärld. Helsingfors, 1965.
Espmark, K. Harry Martinson erovrar sitt sprak. [Stockholm, 1970.]


References in periodicals archive ?
Swedish author Harry Martinson, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1974, left behind a large and distinguished body of work when he died in 1978.
He is Bloodaxe's sixth Nobel Laureate and their second Swedish one - the other being Harry Martinson whose book Chickweed Wintergreen: Selected Poems was published by Bloodaxe last year.
Transtromer is the first Swede to receive the literature prize since Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson shared it in 1974.
The most recent Swedish winners of the literature award were Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson - also members of the Swedish Academy - who shared the prize in 1974.
Harry Martinson (SWEDEN, 1904-1978) "for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos.
Oregon author and translator Lars Nordstrom discusses Harry Martinson, 1904-1978, the winner of the 1974 Nobel Prize for literature.
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