Harry Truman

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Truman, Harry


S. Born May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Mo.; died Dec. 26,1972, in Kansas City, Mo. US political figure.

The son of a farmer, Truman held a variety of jobs before embarking on a political career. He was a bank clerk, a farmer, and, after service in World War I, co-owner of a haberdashery. In 1926 he was elected presiding judge of a county court in Missouri, retaining that position until his election to the US Senate in 1934 as a member of the Democratic Party. He served in the Senate until 1944. In January 1945, Truman became vice-president of the USA. From April 1945, after the death of F. D. Roosevelt, to January 1953 he was president. As president, Truman in August 1945 ordered that the atomic bomb be dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

After World War II, Truman’s administration openly adopted an anti-Soviet policy aimed at the containment of the world revolutionary movement by means of the cold war and the consolidation of the USA’s role as leader of the international anticommu-nist forces. The administration also sought to ensure the USA’s dominant position in the imperialist system—through its policy of containment, enunciated in 1946, which led to the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and other aggressive blocs, and the unleashing of war in Korea.

Truman advocated demagogic domestic policies intended to serve the interests of the monopolies. Under his presidency, reactionary forces consistently assailed the progressive and democratic elements of American society, including the Communist Party. In the last years of his life, however, Truman became somewhat more realistic in his approach both to international problems, including Soviet-American relations, and to the domestic policies of the USA.

References in periodicals archive ?
President Harry Truman commissions the aircraft carrier USS Franklin D, Roosevelt at the New York Navy Yard.
In the Korean conflict, Pililaau voluntarily remained behind to cover his platoon's withdrawal when the unit's ammunition was almost exhausted, according to the Medal of Honor citation presented to his parents by President Harry Truman.
But as Harry Truman put it, "If you want a friend in Washington, get a dog.
Receiving the Medal of Honor in absentia, while he was a prisoner of war, he returned to have President Harry Truman place the blue ribbon around his neck as a lieutenant colonel.
a dog may be your only friend, as Harry Truman used to say.
As you settle into the White House, your predecessors will provide you with plenty of role models: Harry Truman and his piano.
And President Harry Truman, his Missouri twang notwithstanding, was not a Southerner.
The session has been a tradition for White House candidates since Harry Truman arranged it for his would-be successors.
As Harry Truman said, maybe someday people "will get to understand the Sermon on the Mount as the real way of life.
Harry Truman stood before the Lincoln Memorial and said, 'It is more important today than ever to ensure that all Americans enjoy the rights [of freedom and equality].
After all, chaos, ruin, and catastrophe are never masterminded by an architect strictu sensu; what often brings buildings to their ruin is simply nature, or sometimes a human agent, although you could scarcely call Harry Truman an architect for having decided to drop the bomb.
The passage of Medicare and Medicaid was the culmination of efforts beginning with Harry Truman and the Democratic Party to legislate national health reform.