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city (1990 pop. 139,739), state capital, Hartford co., central Conn., on the west bank of the Connecticut River; settled as Newtown 1635–36 on the site of a Dutch trading post (1633; abandoned 1654), inc. 1784. The second largest city in the state, it is a port of entry. Hartford was long world famous as an insurance center. Its insurance business began in 1794, and the area was once home to the headquarters of more than 35 insurance companies. Mergers and downsizing during the late 20th cent., however, greatly lessened the insurance industry's importance. Manufactures include precision instruments, computers, transportation equipment, firearms, and electrical equipment.

One of the earliest and strongest colonial centers, Hartford and two other towns formed (1639) the Connecticut Colony, adopting the Fundamental OrdersFundamental Orders,
in U.S. history, the basic law of the Connecticut colony from 1639 to 1662, formally adopted (Jan. 14, 1639) by representatives from the towns of Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor, meeting at Hartford.
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. From 1701 to 1875 it was joint capital with New Haven. It was an important military supply depot during the American Revolution, and in 1814–15, it hosted the Hartford ConventionHartford Convention,
Dec. 15, 1814–Jan. 4, 1815, meeting to consider the problems of New England in the War of 1812; held at Hartford, Conn. Prior to the war, New England Federalists (see Federalist party) had opposed the Embargo Act of 1807 and other government measures;
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. The Hartford Courant, founded in 1764, is one of the country's oldest newspapers.

Landmarks include the old statehouse (1796; designed by Charles Bulfinch), where the Hartford Convention met; the site of the Charter OakCharter Oak,
white oak tree that until 1856 stood in Hartford, Conn., and was thought to be 1,000 years old. There is a tradition that when Sir Edmund Andros, as governor-general of New England, demanded (1687) that the charter of Connecticut be surrendered by the colonists at
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; the capitol (completed 1878; designed by Richard M. Upjohn); and the famous Travelers Insurance tower. Hartford has a noted art museum (the Wadsworth Atheneum), a symphony orchestra, and opera and ballet companies. The Connecticut state library includes the Colt collection of firearms. Other attractions are the Harriet Beecher Stowe House (1871), where Stowe lived from 1873 to 1896, and the Mark Twain House (1873–74). Noah Webster, John Fiske, and the elder J. P. Morgan were born in Hartford; the theologian Horace Bushnell, the author Charles Dudley Warner, and the poet Wallace Stevens lived there. The city's many parks include Elizabeth Park, scene of an annual rose festival, and Colt Park. Among Hartford's institutions of higher education are Trinity College, the Univ. of Hartford, Hartford College for Women, and a branch of the Univ. of Connecticut and its schools of law and social work. There is also the American School for the Deaf and the Connecticut Institute for the Blind.



a city in the northeastern USA; capital of the state of Connecticut. Population, 147,000 (1975; including suburbs, 725,000).

A port on the Connecticut River, Hartford was founded in 1633. Its industry employs 90,000 persons (1974), 80 percent of whom work in machine building and metalworking. The city manufactures machine tools, industrial equipment, instruments, aircraft engines, typewriters and calculators, and firearms. Hartford has a university.


a port in central Connecticut, on the Connecticut River: the state capital. Pop.: 124 387 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In lieu of flowers, the family requests that memorial contributions be made to the Rose Monahan Hospice Home, Ten Judith Road, Worcester, MA 01612 or The Hartford Association for Retarded Citizens (HARC), 900 Asylum Avenue, Hartford, CT 06105.
But soon thereafter a buddy proposed that Hartford join him in organizing VVAW chapters on the west coast.
Looking closely at the transformation of Hartford, Connecticut's public space and its uses over the period from 1850 to 1930, Peter Baldwin finds that this change took place earlier and resulted somewhat inadvertently from reform movements rather than just the introduction of a new technological form.
The best-case scenario, says Cuddy, would be for the remaining Hartford Ballet dancers--reduced from twenty-three to thirteen this season--to finish out their contracts and be rehired in the spring for the 1999-2000 season by the new group, which is not expected to have "ballet" in its name.
Long known as the insurance city, Hartford, with its Puritan roots, might seem an unlikely place for Twain to have called home.
The Hartford has introduced two fixed index annuities that allow risk-averse investors to build retirement assets in the face of historically low interest rates.
PUTTING THE PIECES TOGETHER: (Above) A computer generated stag strolls through the New York Stock Exchange in Hartford's new commercial; (Below) a grocery store end-aisle display advertising a scholarship contest offered through Kraft products and featuring Hartford's logo; (Left) the "Playbook for Life," a personal guide to financial planning developed by Hartford and geared to college athletes; (Above Left) a DiGiorno pizza, one of the many Kraft products used to promote a college scholarship contest that offers 529 college savings plans administered by Hartford.
The study focused on the Greater Hartford region, covering 34 million square feet of retail space that included 4,642 retail properties and 9,241 retail establishments.
Hartford Ballet also has fewer dates at its traditional downtown venue, the 2,800-seat Bushnell.
The Hartford Financial Services Group (The Hartford or 'the group') is a financial services group engaged in the provision of insurance and financial services.
The way the industry is responding--as Hartford has responded--is to try and meet the more diversified needs of the marketplace," Kalen said.

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