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city (1990 pop. 139,739), state capital, Hartford co., central Conn., on the west bank of the Connecticut River; settled as Newtown 1635–36 on the site of a Dutch trading post (1633; abandoned 1654), inc. 1784. The second largest city in the state, it is a port of entry. Hartford was long world famous as an insurance center. Its insurance business began in 1794, and the area was once home to the headquarters of more than 35 insurance companies. Mergers and downsizing during the late 20th cent., however, greatly lessened the insurance industry's importance. Manufactures include precision instruments, computers, transportation equipment, firearms, and electrical equipment.

One of the earliest and strongest colonial centers, Hartford and two other towns formed (1639) the Connecticut Colony, adopting the Fundamental OrdersFundamental Orders,
in U.S. history, the basic law of the Connecticut colony from 1639 to 1662, formally adopted (Jan. 14, 1639) by representatives from the towns of Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor, meeting at Hartford.
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. From 1701 to 1875 it was joint capital with New Haven. It was an important military supply depot during the American Revolution, and in 1814–15, it hosted the Hartford ConventionHartford Convention,
Dec. 15, 1814–Jan. 4, 1815, meeting to consider the problems of New England in the War of 1812; held at Hartford, Conn. Prior to the war, New England Federalists (see Federalist party) had opposed the Embargo Act of 1807 and other government measures;
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. The Hartford Courant, founded in 1764, is one of the country's oldest newspapers.

Landmarks include the old statehouse (1796; designed by Charles Bulfinch), where the Hartford Convention met; the site of the Charter OakCharter Oak,
white oak tree that until 1856 stood in Hartford, Conn., and was thought to be 1,000 years old. There is a tradition that when Sir Edmund Andros, as governor-general of New England, demanded (1687) that the charter of Connecticut be surrendered by the colonists at
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; the capitol (completed 1878; designed by Richard M. Upjohn); and the famous Travelers Insurance tower. Hartford has a noted art museum (the Wadsworth Atheneum), a symphony orchestra, and opera and ballet companies. The Connecticut state library includes the Colt collection of firearms. Other attractions are the Harriet Beecher Stowe House (1871), where Stowe lived from 1873 to 1896, and the Mark Twain House (1873–74). Noah Webster, John Fiske, and the elder J. P. Morgan were born in Hartford; the theologian Horace Bushnell, the author Charles Dudley Warner, and the poet Wallace Stevens lived there. The city's many parks include Elizabeth Park, scene of an annual rose festival, and Colt Park. Among Hartford's institutions of higher education are Trinity College, the Univ. of Hartford, Hartford College for Women, and a branch of the Univ. of Connecticut and its schools of law and social work. There is also the American School for the Deaf and the Connecticut Institute for the Blind.



a city in the northeastern USA; capital of the state of Connecticut. Population, 147,000 (1975; including suburbs, 725,000).

A port on the Connecticut River, Hartford was founded in 1633. Its industry employs 90,000 persons (1974), 80 percent of whom work in machine building and metalworking. The city manufactures machine tools, industrial equipment, instruments, aircraft engines, typewriters and calculators, and firearms. Hartford has a university.


a port in central Connecticut, on the Connecticut River: the state capital. Pop.: 124 387 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Doctor Ramanan is professor of clinical medicine at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine based at Saint Francis Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut.
Moroney, of West Hartford, Connecticut, was appointed Vice President, Professional Services--Underwriting Manager, and he joined Executive Risk in 1996.
His efforts to obtain funding from New York State for a national school in Hartford, Connecticut were a catalyst to establish the New York Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb.
SS&S operates from its headquarters at 207 Pitkin Street, East Hartford, Connecticut.
The new company will continue to occupy existing offices in Westport and Hartford, Connecticut.
The Travelers Insurance Company, based in Hartford, Connecticut, has engaged SJP Properties of Parsippany, to supervise the management and leasing of its northern New Jersey real estate portfolio announced Steven J.
PHILADELPHIA -- Hersha Hospitality Trust (AMEX: HT), a real estate investment trust (REIT) and owner of 53 nationally franchised, upscale and midscale hotels, today announced the completion of its joint venture investment in the 409 room Hartford Marriott Downtown located in Hartford, Connecticut, with the Waterford Hospitality Group ("Waterford").
Cushman & Wakefield of Connecticut (C&W) is pleased to announce the following two transactions in Hartford, Connecticut.
Order, an attorney in Axinn, Veltrop & Harkrider LLP's Hartford, Connecticut office who represents BENISTAR.
Real Estate highlighted the Hartford, Connecticut, area for Group Moulet Immobilier of Nantes France.
Phoenix has corporate offices in Hartford, Connecticut.
Finalsite web solutions, based in East Hartford, Connecticut, has worked with over 400 independent schools and school systems since 1998 to help bridge the school-to-home communication gap by effectively utilizing the Internet.

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