Harun al-Rashid


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Harun al-Rashid

?763--809 ad, Abbasid caliph of Islam (786--809), whose court at Baghdad was idealized in the Arabian Nights

Harun al-Rashid

 

Born February 766 in Ray; died Mar. 24, 809, in Tus. Caliph from 786. Member of the Abbasid dynasty.

Harun came to power with the aid of the Barmecide family, which represented the interests of the Iranian feudal aristocracy. Until the fall of the Barmecides in 803, the family provided Ha-run’s viziers and largely controlled the affairs of the caliphate. From 803 he ruled alone.

Under Harun the Baghdad Caliphate made great progress in agriculture, crafts, trade, and the arts, especially literature. At the same time, however, signs of the decline of the caliphate appeared: antigovernment uprisings took place in Deylam, Syria, and other regions. Harun continued the struggle that his predecessors had begun against Byzantium. He died during a military campaign undertaken to crush the Rafi ibn Leis Uprising in Middle Asia.

The idealized image of Harun popularized by the tales of A Thousand and One Nights has been proved false by the Soviet Orientalist V. V. Bartol’d.

References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless, after that occurrence, he improved his relationship with the ruling government of 'Abbasid by attending the formal castle programs organized by al-Mansur, al-Mahdi, al-Hadi dan Harun al-Rashid.
Coins from the material dumped into the glass workshop after it ceased to function suggest strongly that the two phases of the glass workshop were in use during the time that Harun al-Rashid resided in al-Raqqa (AD 796-808) and probably for up to about 30 years after he left.
The main problem is that there are no sources to substantiate the existence of an imperial codification by Harun al-Rashid based on the reception of Roman law.
Eustache, on the other hand, states that Idris I "died at Walila, poisoned, it is said, on the orders of Harun al-Rashid, by a certain Sulayman b.
This report is not to be found in al-Tabari's chronicles of the reign of Harun al-Rashid.
El Cheikh examines the changing depictions of the Byzantine rulers, some hostile, others neutral, in the literature from the period, paying particular attention to the images of those who reigned during the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid (r.
Harun al-Rashid succeeded his elder brother Musa al-Hadi to the caliphate in confused circumstances.
From this perspective, al-Ma[contains]mun's mihna was an anomaly or a reversal in a relation of harmony (and not a culmination of [subset]Abbasid religious pretensions, as in Crone's and Hinds' God's Caliph) between the [subset]ulama and the caliphs that began in the early [subset]Abbasid period and reached its peak during the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid.
Jamel Eddine Bencheikh, in his study of "historical and mythical Baghdad' shows how Arabian Nights redactors borrowed love-story motifs from pre-Islamic Iraq and applied them to historical personages such as the caliphal vizier Ja[CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]far the Barmecide and [CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]Abbasa, sister of Harun al-Rashid.
After a possible hiatus in minting during the first decades of the Abbasid period, local, otherwise unknown rulers in Palestine took advantage of the civil war between the successors of Harun al-Rashid to mint coins in their own names.
The first is a dirham first minted at al-Muhammadiya in 171 during the reign of Caliph Harun al-Rashid (170-93).
The first example is a dirham first minted at al-Muhammadiya in 171 during the reign of the Caliph Harun al-Rashid.