Harvard College Observatory


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Harvard College Observatory,

astronomical observatoryobservatory,
scientific facility especially equipped to detect and record naturally occurring scientific phenomena. Although geological and meteorological observatories exist, the term is generally applied to astronomical observatories.
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 located in Cambridge, Mass., operated by Harvard (Harvard College at the time of the observatory's founding in 1839). Its equipment includes a 61-in. (155-cm) reflecting telescope and 15-in. (38-cm) and 12-in. (30-cm) refracting telescopes. Programs of the Harvard Observatory include various aspects of solar physics, stellar and nebular spectroscopy and photometry, and theoretical cosmology. Among the noted directors of the observatory have been W. C. Bond, G. P. Bond, E. C. Pickering, and Harlow Shapley. In 1973 the research programs of the Harvard College Observatory were merged with those of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory to form the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; the observatory itself, however, maintains its separate status under the control of Harvard.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pickering (1846-1919) taken from Harvard College Observatory on 1891 Dec 20.
There was no proposal to form an association dedicated to observing them, because Pickering's strategy was for Harvard College Observatory to become the clearing house for all variable star observations.
Observations (on the standard form) were to be sent every month, 3 or 4 days before full Moon, to Harvard College Observatory.
38) The fact that the director of Harvard College Observatory was prepared to address a society of amateur astronomers a long way from home and in such a complimentary style probably made a big impression on the members of the LAS.
He was also one of the earliest foreign observers to send photometric data to Harvard College Observatory variable star program.
Second catalogue of variable stars', Annals of Harvard College Observatory, 55, 1-94, 1907 (p.
The memorial fund helped keep Harvard College Observatory at the forefront of astronomical research for more than half a century, and the end result would be several large catalogs of stellar spectra still in use today.
After years of work, during which Fleming examined 28,266 spectra recorded on 633 photographic plates for 10,351 stars, the Harvard College Observatory published its first catalog of photographic stellar spectra in 1890.
Pickering, director of the Harvard College Observatory, and in 1912 Pickering put him in charge of observing variable stars with Harvard's 15-inch refractor.
Tuttle, and Sidney Coolidge, who used the recently commissioned 15-inch Merz refractor at Harvard College Observatory.
To be sure, the unexpected Great Comet of 1843--so brilliant it could be seen even at noon--spurred funding for the Harvard College Observatory to acquire a 15-inch refractor from the excellent Munich optical firm Merz & Mahler.
At Harvard College Observatory, Bond combined his own observations with records from other locations and likewise concluded in a letter to the New York Times that "the great meteor .

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