Harvard College Observatory


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Harvard College Observatory,

astronomical observatoryobservatory,
scientific facility especially equipped to detect and record naturally occurring scientific phenomena. Although geological and meteorological observatories exist, the term is generally applied to astronomical observatories.
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 located in Cambridge, Mass., operated by Harvard (Harvard College at the time of the observatory's founding in 1839). Its equipment includes a 61-in. (155-cm) reflecting telescope and 15-in. (38-cm) and 12-in. (30-cm) refracting telescopes. Programs of the Harvard Observatory include various aspects of solar physics, stellar and nebular spectroscopy and photometry, and theoretical cosmology. Among the noted directors of the observatory have been W. C. Bond, G. P. Bond, E. C. Pickering, and Harlow Shapley. In 1973 the research programs of the Harvard College Observatory were merged with those of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory to form the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; the observatory itself, however, maintains its separate status under the control of Harvard.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1927 the Danish astronomer Ejnar Hertzsprung (1873-1967; Figure 13), of Hertzsprung-Russell diagram fame, was examining plates in the archives at Harvard College Observatory.
Pickering (1846-1919) taken from Harvard College Observatory on 1891 Dec 20.
Pickering at Harvard College Observatory in 1879, C.
The 18 charts and 134 catalogues that comprised the unfinished HVSA were returned to Mary Anne Baxendell (Pogson's sister and widow of Joseph Baxendell) who following correspondence with Pickering sent them on to Harvard College Observatory where they remain to this day in storage.
There was no proposal to form an association dedicated to observing them, because Pickering's strategy was for Harvard College Observatory to become the clearing house for all variable star observations.
While previously he published in L'Astronomie and the BAA Journal, from this date onward he wrote, instead, to the English Mechanic journal and sent his variable star observations to the Harvard College Observatory.
Annals of Harvard College Observatory (Photometric Catalogues, A Catalogue of 1520 Bright Stars);

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