Harvard Observatory

Harvard Observatory

 

a scientific research institution of Harvard University (USA). Founded in 1839, it includes an astronomical observatory located on the university grounds (since 1844) and radio astronomical and meteorite stations at other locations in the USA. Since 1955 it has been affiliated with the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Mass. The Harvard Observatory’s major instruments include a 1.5-m reflector, 60-cm and 80-cm Schmidt telescopes, and an 18-m radio telescope. Its research is concentrated on the study of variable stars; the photometric and spectrophotometric study of stars, nebulas, and galaxies; radio astronomical investigations; the study of the problem of the internal structure of stars; and cosmology. A unique library of over 500,000 glass-plate negatives has been collected by the observatory. The first detailed spectral classification of stars (the so-called Harvard classification of star spectra) was worked out at the Harvard Observatory. In addition, the “period-luminosity relationship” of cepheids was discovered there. Vast catalogs of stellar magnitudes, stellar spectra, and galactic clusters have been compiled.

REFERENCES

Gerasimovich, B. P. “Observatoriia Garvardskogo kolledzha.” In Russkii astronomicheskii kalendar’ (yearbook). Nizhny Novgorod, 1930.
Eremeeva, A. I. Vydaiushchiesia astronomy mira. Moscow, 1966.
Bailey, S. L. History and Work of Harvard Observatory 1839-1927. New York-London, 1931. (Harvard Observatory monographs, no. 4.)

A. I. EREMEEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
It was discovered on photographic plates in 1939 from Harvard Observatory where Rebecca Jones, its co-discoverer, also discovered another planetary that bears her name, Jones 1 in Pegasus.
His fellow astronomers sought his advice and he participated in the correct setting of Longitude between Liverpool and Harvard Observatory, USA.
Williamina "Mina" Fleming (1857-1911) started out as a maid to astronomer Edward Pickering of Harvard Observatory, who told his male assistant, "My Scottish maid could do a better job than you're doing.
In this biography, Johnson recounts the life and career of Henrietta Leavitt (1868-1921), who discovered a way to measure distance while working at Harvard Observatory, where her job was to compute the amount of stars in the sky at a time when women were relegated to assistant positions.
Shlaer's handsome daguerreotypes, produced through a process developed by John Whipple at the Harvard Observatory in 1851, include shots of the moon at different phases and a stunning series of images showing various stages of the solar eclipse of the moon that occurred on 11 July 1991.
The basic system was pioneered at Harvard Observatory in the 1890s and its main features remain in use today.

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